This essay talks that power has been defined and held in speculation by many sociologists. It is essentially the extent to which a state, unit or an entity can control the power of other units. Authority is used to denote the power perceived as legitimate by our social order…
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From this paper it is clear that a renowned sociologist in French and a guiding figure in the same language, Durkheim was born to Jewish parents in the Eastern part of France where his father was a prominent rabbi in the district. Durkheim did not have very strong views on power as compared to Karl Marx and Max Weber, neither was he actively involved in politics. He was an advocate of a state-oriented, idealistic and non-Marxian type of power and politics. Karl Marx is best renowned as a revolutionary communist whose work on power and the state has inspired many such communal regimes. Max Weber is regarded as one of the leading theorists of the twentieth century. This research study outlines that Marx and Durkheim’s views on religion will greatly show the power struggle in our society because religion divides the society into two constructs. According to Marx, religion is used to justify and safeguard the classes in our society and consequently also used to ensure the domineering ideologies prevalent in our society. Religion plays an imperative role in shaping the beliefs and values that exist in our social construct and also contribute to acts that build up our social order. For instance: the rich are capable of making wealthy donations to the church as opposed to the poor and gradually, the beliefs of the church will be shaped as per the interests of the ruling class. Marx formulated the concept of alienation, which is a condition in which the men are held in power or dominated by the forces of their own creation.
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The individuals are today viewed as the three principal architects of modern social science. Even as many of these individuals’ theoretical perspectives remain in use in some form, oftentimes they are incompatible with each other. This essay examines these individuals’ theoretical perspectives, specifically considering the ways they interact.
As the discussion highlights Marx does not have much on religion; thus his view is not well known to the public. He does have his opinion aired on the words he once uttered in regard to religion, “Religion is the opium of people.” Marx defines religion as an item created by man and one that is the consciousness of humans.
As the report declares in the social theory point of view, he firstly defines a society as coming up with an institution that constitutes unequal power and dominion relations. Secondly, a society to him is structuring of social interactions in a social institution and again as process of converting linguistic structures into social interactions.
According to the report, Marx, Weber and Durkheim, more importantly, some of their conflicting ideas can be found similar in their original concept. Thus, Weber had several similar concepts to Marx, though they differed in many essential questions, and it is possible to compare Durkheim with both Marx and Weber.
In those times, there was limited possibility of improving oneself.
Then came a drastic change, in which the model of Capitalism and industrialization was initiated to societies all over the world. Some societies acknowledged it while others
The author states that these philosophers wanted to understand how much of knowledge comes in to play when it is the question of justice, truth and morality. This is because truth is the corner stone of any society and as human interact and communicate with each other a society is formed and explaining this process becomes quiet perplexing.
According to the report since 1800s, capitalism within the society has gradually becoming more evident as compared to the previous times. Because of significant development in capitalism, urbanization and industrialization took place during the early part of the 19th century. The gap between the social classes of people started to widen.
Social stratification arose due to obvious differences noted between people. These divisions, however, were not contained to the British Empire. The class system of social divisions evolved and spread all over the world, with different benchmarks set for class distinctions.
Thus, we can find in most libraries perspectives like Marxist sociology. On the other hand, we have works such as those by Max Weber and Emile Durkheim, both of whom have sociological perspectives that compete with and contradict Marxist perspectives. Another possible way of viewing the matter is that the ideas of Weber and Durkheim are sociological thought while the ideas of Marx are basically ideology not sociology.
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