The purpose of this study was to examine the published research regarding corrections officers and their attitudes towards their jobs’ satisfaction and dissatisfaction and the correction officers’ attitudes about punishment or rehabilitation for prisoners. Maahs and Pratt justified the importance of their work in two ways: First, they agreed with Bowker in stating, “Correctional officers bear the primary responsibility for the successful control and treatment of inmates” (Maahs & Pratt, 2001, p. 13). Secondly, the current corrections officers’ demographics have changed from an all-white male workforce to a diversified and professionalized workforce. Maahs and Pratt wanted to see what changes the demographics made in the correctional officers’ attitudes and actions towards the inmates.
The authors used meta-analysis to synthesize the data of three decades of research of correctional officers. The study computed mean effect size estimates for three categories of predictor variable (importation, deprivation, and management) across two dependent variables (negative job attitudes and rehabilitation orientation). The analysis combined quantitative synthesis research methodology with the results of 19 empirical studies. This spanned 6,427 cases and resulted in two threads of information; namely studies that specified the predictors of correctional officers':