W.E.B Du Bois on Government Politics and Capitalism.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, a well-known social scientist, political activist, author, editor, and educator, was born in 1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (Mueller, 1993)…
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degree in 1888. He then proceeded to Harvard University where his scholarly direction was shaped by the intellectuals of the time including William James, George Palmer, George Santayana, and Albert Bushnell Hart, and graduated with a master’s degree in 1891. During that time at Harvard, he had opportunity to present a speech on slavery, which propelled him to the national lime light. From 1892 to 1894, he traveled to Germany where he studied history, economics, politics, and political economy at the University of Berlin and completed a thesis on agricultural economics on a Slater Fund grant (Mueller, 1993). His travel to Germany enabled him to understand the racism structure in the U.S in a broader sense, something which shaped his belief in fighting for the rights of the black people and commitment to scholarly career in effort to uplift the black people through education. Upon his return to the United States in 1895, he became the first black person ever to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard, and his doctoral thesis, the suppression of the African Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870, was published in the Harvard Historical Monograph Series (Mueller, 1993). From that time, he settled in a very successful career as an educationist and author, while still being very active in championing for the black rights especially in political, social, and economical fronts. His academics writings include The Souls of Black Folk, The Philadelphia Negro and many monographs, essays, memoirs, poems, novels, and plays, that he wrote about his life, political beliefs, black identity, call for end to racial discrimination and various issues affecting the black people (Mueller, 1993). Through his activism, he was very instrumental in the formation of the Niagara Movement and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which was instrumental in organizing successful protest against racial discrimination of the black people and advocating for civil and political rights of the African Americans. Du Bois was very firm on his belief about liberation of black people, a thing that made him differ with prominent black people activists such as Booker T. Washington who advocated for vocational education for black people and use of ones economic strength towards gaining acceptance in the white society and citizenship. In contrary, Du Bois advocated for total liberation through granting the black people complete and equal political and civil rights, and use of higher education as a tool towards advancement of the black people. In addition, through his activism, he was a strong supporter of Pan-Africanism in calling for self-rule of the black people around the world and was successful in organizing various Pan-African conferences around the world. Eventually, he distanced himself from black civil rights movements, joined the Communist party in 1961, and immigrated to Ghana, becoming a citizen in 1963 shortly before his death in the same year in Accra (Mueller, 1993). Literature review In his quest to participate in the liberation and recognition of the black people as equal citizens in the United States, early in his career, he carried out various studies of Africa Americans communities, publishing many papers with aim to use social science to come up with solution for racism. Gradually, in his studies, he realized that racism, inequalities, and social stratification between the black society and the white
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