The author of this essay under the title "Globalization and neoliberalism" focuses on the social issues of globalization and neoliberalism. Reportedly, the American Indian culture is grounded on neoliberalism and globalization principles…
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The Birmingham theorists classified the second generation Indian Americans as a subculture. The latter blurred the link between the cultural construction of youth as a distinct category and the creation of a teenage market (Maira 34). The Birmingham theorists emphasized the Indian youth culture are based on rituals that resist the values inherent in the dominant culture or the overall disposition of cultural power in society as a whole. The creation of a subculture is to comply with the personal, economic, and political crisis that American Indian youth are confronted as they reach adulthood. David Harvey (Harvey 25) affirms the Maira theory of Neoliberalism. The American Indian youth must survive in the American Environment. To do so, the American Indian must comply with neoliberalism concepts. Under the concept, the American Indian “blends” into the American economic environment in order to survive. The American Indians must socially blend with the American culture to survive. The American culture is the mixture of home and international cultures. The American Indian blends with the cultures of the local and international culture because the environment is no longer bounded by one’s racial culture but by one global culture. This is the very essence of globalization. Everyone around the world, including the American Indians, must comply with a global culture in order to survive. Refusing to comply with the global culture will surely alienate and lead the American Indian detractor into isolation.
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Consequences of Neoliberalism.
Neoliberalism refers to a market-driven approach to the policy making process for running economy and society (Campbell and Pedersen, 2001, p3). The approach basically stems from the neoclassical theories of economics focusing upon the efficient role of the private enterprises, trade liberalization and establishment of open markets.
57). The exercise of human rights and its enforcement is enshrined in the national and international laws. They are then mobilized by several social actors and form highly political matters. An interesting aspect of these laws with regard to most countries is the fact that the rights of the citizens as usually selectively applied or are enforced depending on the entire range of the political urgency of maintaining power.
Two subjects that have risen as a result of this transformation have been globalization and neoliberalism. It is safe to say that globalization and neoliberalism are codependent and one would not exist without the other.1 Both have led to an increased involvement of the societies in the world with one another and as a result led to a number of changes that can be said to have brought the world together.
The duty of the state is to preserve and create an institutional system that is suitable to such practices. The state has to assure, for instance, the integrity and quality of money. It must also set up that defense, military, police and legal structures required to protect private property rights and to assure, by force if necessary, the correct functioning of markets.
According to the paper capitalists played a crucial or critical role as key players of globalisation. For instance, the international media companies engaged into this international integration of sophisticated businesses primarily due to the emancipation of advanced technologies employed in the media. The ability of the media to be part of globalisation, deregulation and neoliberalism allows the public to have wide access of information, and even varied point of views to strengthen their thoughts on what is happening around the world.
Differences between Globalization “From Above” and “From Below”.
There have been numerous definitions of term globalization in the modern context. Indeed, the meaning of this term varies across different sectors and scholars continue to address and apply globalization in different avenues.
The American Indian culture is grounded on neoliberalism and globalization principles.
Second, the Indian Americans have to cope with their dual identity. Within the American society, they consider themselves