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Sociology: criminal justice - Term Paper Example

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Sociology: Criminal Justice Name Institution Date OUTLINE Thesis Statement: In order to comprehend the factors, whether religious or constitutional that influence the creation of each nation’s criminal justice and policing systems, it is critical to study each nation’s laws and justice department system separately…
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Download file to see previous pages (A) Saudi Arabia has weak traditions of constitutional law enforcement structures. Its policing system is basically determined by the authorities that are handpicked by the ruling minority. (B) The German policing system is tasked with upholding the law according to the nation’s constitution. (C) While the American policing system also upholds the law according to the national constitution, it is probably the most fragmented police force in the world, with roughly 18,000 different enforcement agencies. (D) Comparisons between the policing systems of Germany, Saudi Arabia and the United States shows how religiously based policing systems differ from those that are based on constitutional law. II - Most of the world’s criminal justice systems are formed to combat felonies as defined by a nation’s constitution or religious code of ethics and impose sentences on the guily offenders. While most criminal justice systems involve lawyers and the display of evidence in courts of law, many times, crimes are not penalized because of the absence of evidence or witnesses. (A) In Saudi Arabia, Shari’ah is the law under which criminal justice functions. There are extreme corporal punishments suvh as beheading and flogging. Every suspect, whether a Muslim or not, is judged according to the tenets of Islamic law. (B) Germany’s criminal justice system is based on the nation’s civil law. The federal laws shape the legal system that is used nationwide. (C) In the United States, there is no general criminal justice system whose statutes are observed by all of the nation’s states. Each of the more than 45 states has its own criminal justice system which has different rules about how to manage law enforcement processes. (D) There are considerable differences between how prosecution of suspects is conducted in nations where the law is based on religious factors and where the law is based on a constitution. The penalties given to criminals in nations with religious laws tend to be harsher than those given in nations run by a constitution. This is because in the former, the laws that are broken by the suspect are viewed as being the god’s laws. When a person breaks these laws, he is transgressing against god, not man. Sociology: Criminal Justice Introduction Most of the civil laws of most of the world’s nations come from the Roman laws in the days when Rome was viewed as the world’s most powerful empire. As (Reichel, 2005) asserts, this system has an openly inquisitorial structure where the word rather than the spirit of the law outweighs all other considerations. In this system, the accused person is accredited fewer rights. It is a basically elitist system where, most of the times, the leader(s) of society remain above the law while the poorer members of society are subject to the stipulations of the law. The only nation that does not use this system is Saudi Arabia. Though the Saudi Arabian government does not agree with this presumption, in reality, the Saudi Arabian criminal justice system is essentially a religious system. Studying the criminal justice and policing systems of different nation helps in comprehending whether the nation in question bases its justice system on religious or constitutional factors. POLICING SYSTEMS Saudi Arabia The Saudi Government bases its authority on governing through the principles advocated by a severely conservative interpretation of Islam. The official Saudi Arabian police ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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