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American Disability Movement - Research Paper Example

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Name: Course: Date: American Disability Movement The history of the American Disability Movement dates back to the 1960’s, where the civil rights movement mothered this movement (Johnson, 1983). Though the civil Rights act of 1964 prohibited the discrimination of people based on their religion, Nationality or race, it did not specifically handle the rights of the disabled…
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Download file to see previous pages However, this act left many gaps that were not filled in, regarding the prohibition of discrimination of the people with disability by employers, by accommodation in the private sector among others (Bagenstos, 2009). This became the basis of the establishment of the American Disability Movement to fill in the gaps that were left by the enactment. The enactment was later extended to give rise to other laws such as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which requires that all children with disabilities should receive an appropriate public education, in an environment that is specifically conducive for them (Stroman, 2003). Therefore, public schools are under duty to ensure that children with disabilities are provided with the best environment that favors their learning. Therefore, under the laws of the US, people with disabilities deserve equal treatment with others when it comes to any opportunity. However, in the provision of education and other basic services, they deserve specialized treatment. The movement has a membership of over 50 million people currently, who leads their lives in a normal way, despite their disabilities (Bagenstos, 2009). ...
People with disabilities were segregated and forced to join institutions that hid them from the mainstream society throughout the period before the establishment of their movement (Colker, 2005). The journey towards the recognition of the disabled people as equals started early during the World War I, where the veterans with disability required the government to provide them rehabilitation, so that they could render the government their services (Stroman, 2003). Technology advancements and some government assistance saw the people with disability start becoming independent, in the 1930s (Shapiro, 1993). The rise of President Franklin Roosevelt into the presidency of the country highly boosted the status of the disabled people in the American society, although it did not change much of their treatment and discrimination. The occurrence of World War II saw the disabled veterans agitate for more recognition, rehabilitation and provision with vocational training. Notwithstanding all these efforts made to change the status of the disabled in the society, they did not have an access to basic public facilities and services such as transport, bathrooms and telephones. This lasted up until later in 1973, when the enactment was made recognizing their rights to access similar services and facilities as those accessed by the other people (Colker, 2005). There are many disability activists who are credited with establishing the American Disability Movement. Paul Miller was such one activist, who was a lawyer and a leader of the movement. He perceived the judicial interpretation of the Americans with Disability Act as restrictive, owing to a lack of a mass social movement. Consequently, he strongly advocated for the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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