Poverty and Children in the United States - Essay Example

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This paper focuses upon poverty as a state of destitution, where one is incapable of sustaining decent living or lifestyle due to lack of resources. It refers to the condition of such poverty-stricken people where they do not have access to adequate food supply, medical facilities or any other such vital element for living. …
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Poverty and Children in the United States
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Download file to see previous pages The paper tells that the current population of the United States is 313,232,044 (CIA), which is third largest comparative to the world. According to a 2010 estimate, 15.1% of the United States’ population is forced to live below the poverty line (CIA). However, official figure reporting is usually lower than reality. Also masses find the formula for calculating such a figure faulty in nature. Poverty is officially defined by the United States as that percentage of the people who are unable to sustain the annual federal poverty standards. The Federal Poverty Level (FPL) for a family of four is reportedly $22,050 annually, whereas for a family of three the FPL is $18,310 annually (NCCP). On the other hand, it has been realized that maintaining average living standards is twice as costly as provisioned by the United States’ government. This implies that the real poverty rate in the United States is multifold of the given quoted percentage. In addition to improper setting of the Federal Poverty Level, the government statistics are also accused of ignorance and misleading perceptions as the FPL identified by the government is computed on pre-tax earnings, failing to take into account the effects of tax liabilities which further burden the poor. The United States government earns 15% of its Gross Domestic Product from taxes. Failing to incorporate taxes when considering the prevalence of Federal Poverty Level is an injustice as their consumable income is further reduced by a substantial amount, deteriorating their conditions pertaining to poverty. Poverty is directly linked with unemployment. Those families unable to earn a decent living are inevitably forced to live beneath the poverty line. The current employment rate in the United States is 9.1% per annum (CIA) whereas a 10.8% unemployment rate was determined by a recent census (US Census Bureau). With such alarming unemployment rates prevailing in the region, the rising numbers of families living below poverty line are subsequently increasing. The unemployment rate and population living beneath poverty line is varied in different States just as the unofficially identified finances required for sustaining average existence are slightly varying across the States and cities. However, the official statistics does not take into account this variance, which is the reason for masses rebellion and unacceptance for the official figures. As per the US Census Bureau of 2010, the number of people forced to survive below poverty line are more than 25 million, which account for almost a tenth portion of the entire population considered fit to work; that is sixteen years old and those above sixteen. This implies that almost one person in every ten randomly selected individuals is likely to sleep on an empty stomach, be unable to bear medical expenses and belong to low-income families struggling to merely survive. Even though policies are developed to reduce poverty and to upgrade the living standards of poor families, their effectiveness has not yet been revealed as worthwhile. A child in the United States is any individual below the age of sixteen. Of the total ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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