The controversial nature of capital punishment has continued to cause disparate contentions with regards to its imposition or abolishment to address capital offenses. Globally, the organization Amnesty International, a global movement that aims to end grave abuses of human rights, have continued to monitor and report the number of countries that persist in using the death penalty…
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In 2010, retentionist countries continued to justify their use of the death penalty by stating that in their countries capital punishment is applied only for the “most serious crimes” and after due process, in line with Article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)”. In this regard, the aim of the research is to contend support to the retention of death penalty as a means to address the most serious capital offenses.
The current study would initially present relevant statistics of countries practicing capital punishment, those who support for its abolition and facts about states practicing the death penalty in the United States. In addition, the discourse would determine the reasons for implementing capital punishment and discuss what abolitionist countries or states responses are in terms of the rationale for death penalties. The advantages and disadvantages of death penalty would thereby be clearly expounded before pursuing a review of related literature on what scholars and criminologists believe regarding the practice of capital punishment. A recommendation would be provided after integrating highlights and findings from the discussion, prior to a concluding statement that reinforces the argument on retaining capital punishment for criminal offenses....
Relevant Statistics of Countries Practicing Capital Punishment The information provided by Amnesty International (2011) reveals that “in the last decade, more than 30 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. Fifty-eight countries worldwide now retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes, and less than half of these carried out executions in 2010” (Amnesty International, 2011, p. 1). The global trend actually shows a decreasing number of countries carrying out executions, as shown in the illustration below: Source: (Amnesty International, 2011) In the United States, the Death Penalty Information Center (2011) showed that a similar trend was manifested from the high of 98 executions in 1999 to only 32 executions in 2011 (p. 1). Further, as depicted below, death sentencing likewise exemplified a decreasing pattern: “The number of death sentences per year has dropped dramatically since 1999. Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Sentences 313 313 315 268 294 277 224 159 166 152 140 139 123 120 119 112 112* Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics: “Capital Punishment 2009.” *Projected, based on DPIC's research” (Death Penality Information Center, 2011, p. 3). The news article published in The New York Times on “Capital Punishment” revealed that one of the factors that contributed to the declining trend is the availability for the drug used for lethal injection. As noted, “One contributing factor in the low number of executions nationwide is the shortage of one of the three drugs used in most lethal injections - the barbiturate sodium thiopental. Several states have postponed executions because of the scarcity of the drug” (The New
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This paper will show with the aid of studies and comparisons of cities and states that there are better and more meaningful solutions to the crime question, which the death penalty is not necessarily part of. This paper will explore the facets of ineffectiveness of death penalty. The state will have lost its moral right to punish killers if it kills its own
The study of Michael Radelet and Traci Lacock conducted in 2008, a confirmation of a 1996 study of the same nature, used a sample of top criminologists who were asked if the death penalty had a deterrent effect using the empirical studies that had been conducted during their time.
How can we pass ultimate judgment on people’s moral values? If we punish or put to death criminals, we place ourselves instead of God. We are mortal like other humans who commit heinous crimes. (Pillsbury x) There’s a lot of killing in America. The national rates in this country far exceeds any industrialized country.
On one side of the issue, the death penalty is based on the concept of an ‘eye for an eye,’ and that one should receive the corresponding punishment for one’s actions. On the other side of this issue, the death penalty is considered an inhumane and a harsh punishment to implement within an imperfect criminal justice system.
Countries like USA and some other third world nations use capital punishment or death penalty to deter crime (Schaefer, 2005, p. 191). However, figures and facts show that in spite of resorting to death penalties, the crime rate of USA is still quite high.
Examples of this are ritual human sacrifice, physical torture that is condemned by many nations worldwide and slavery that has been abandoned largely. Relics of these practices may go on, but those are anomalies that go on to underscore the facts that the world is turning against these evil practices.
Can any procedure bring them back to life? Can any compensation make good the irreversible damage done to the immediate family members and the society at large? Does the Government have the divine powers to create life? So, it cannot exercise
Various states have had their opinions about death penalty with some upholding it while others scrapping it from the laws. However, there exists no general agreement as to whether the death penalty is an effective punishment to deal with
These reasons include murder, rape, adultery, arson attack, terrorism and so on. The justice systems in various countries have analyzed the reasons for penalizing the criminals. The analysts have found discrimination in terms of class, race and gender
The debate on death penalty for capital offenses has remained controversial around the world for a long period of time due to its cruel, retributive aspects. Supporters of death penalty argue that it serves justice, especially in murder cases where the accused party’s culpability has been determined by a court of law.
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