Reflection on Drugs Errors - Essay Example

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Nursing is a vital component in providing health care services to the patients. Thus, nurses should be fully equipped with sufficient theoretical knowledge and practical skills to be able to render appropriate nursing care…
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Reflection on Drugs Errors
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Download file to see previous pages The observation was made six days a week and at different times of the day. Several pharmacies were visited. I tried to remain an unnoticed observer, and to do this, I had to purchase some medications in order to merge with the other customers. As a passive observer, I did not interfere in the interaction of the pharmacist and customer if I noticed a drug error. Drugs, which are meant to treat a patient, may have an adverse effect if administered not according to the prescribed dosage. Error in drug administration can happen in any setting, in the clinic, hospital or other health institutions. But drug error can also occur while prescribing, ordering or dispensing of drugs by the pharmacists. Since it has become a serious health concern, studies have been conducted by scholars from the different health care sectors. Adverse drug events include the following drug-related interventions: error during prescription, dispensation error, and administration of medication (Bates, Cullen, Laird et al. 1995, cited in Flynn n.d.). Vadney (2003) said that around 11 to 14 percent of medication errors happen in the pharmacy. Nurses have the responsibility of administering medications, and therefore, they must “meet the legal standard, . . . knowledgeable about the medications given, careful in administration, and alert to potential problems that may result in errors” (Malseed 1990, p. 45). Many of the medication errors committed by nurses include their inability to yield follow institutional policies which are designed to protect both nurses and patients (Malseed 1990). Nurses should take extra precaution in drug administration so that patient safety is ensured (Malseed 1990). ...
Nurses should take extra precaution in drug administration so that patient safety is ensured (Malseed 1990). From such experience, I learned that nurses, being the last in the line before the drugs are given to the patients, must exert a high level of precaution before administering the drugs to the patient. This can be attained by taking time to verify the order, prescription and dosage. Even if the medication has passed another level of verification before reaching me, I must still undertake on my own to see if what I will be giving to the patient is the correct medication. Literature Review Medication error is a “preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or harm to a patient” (FDA 101 2009, p. 1). Medication errors happen regularly although they can be prevented or avoided (Brennan et al. 1991; Bates et al. 1995, cited in Cina et al. 2006). Medication error is defined by the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error and Prevention as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm, while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer” (Flynn n.d.). The events contemplated are varied and associated with practice, procedure, system and the product itself. They also include the following: labeling of the product, packaging, compounding, nomenclature, prescribing, communicating the order, distribution, dispensing, administering to patient, monitoring, education, and use by the patient (Flynn n.d.). Medication error on the aspect of administration is defined as a deviation from the written order of the prescriber, or upon entry of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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