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Utilitarianism - Coursework Example

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This essay talks about the trolley problem which is a thought test in ethics. The story is about a runaway trolley going down the railway tracks. Just ahead, on the tracks, five people are tied down and unable to move. The trolley is heading straight for the five people…
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Download file to see previous pages... From this discussion it is clear that on utilitarian grounds, the individual should be tortured for the good and safety of others, which is noticeably ethical. For a terrorism free world, as a true utilitarian I would vote for the painful torture of the innocent individual. According to utilitarianism, the good of others should come first. Utilitarianism is a concept in normative ethics that views the best moral action as the one that maximises utility.  The best and valid action in this terrorism case is to save as many lives as possible. However, choosing the option of the innocent individual to be slowly and painfully tortured is not an easy decision to make and is not morally accepted.This paper discusses that the theory of utilitarianism is a basic view of consequences. For that reason, letting one individual die for the safety of the rest of the world is a justified, permissible, and an even obligatory action. The author takes on this situation can also be justified through the theory of doctrine of double effect. The doctrine suggests for an act to be morally permissible it has to fit certain criteria and the outcome should favour many. The doctrine also suggests the action is essential for ‘evil’ purpose if it results in beneficial good.  According to the school of thought established by Immanuel Kant ,believes that our sense of morality is connected to reason, therefore according  school of thought letting the individual face torture is worth if it saves many lives.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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