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In the eve of Nuclear Security Summit in April 2010, President Barrack Obama pronounced the prospect of nuclear terrorism as the biggest threat to US security in long term, medium term and short term (Michael, 2012). Equally, in the final report of 2011, the Commission reported the threat from terrorists armed with a weapon of mass destruction as the greatest danger faced by America. The Union of Concerned Scientists considers the development of nuclear items as the biggest long-term threat facing the US and International security nowadays.
Fenopetov, et.al (2011) noted that the efforts by various countries of the post-soviet space and those extra-regional actors to form an inclusive, cooperative security structure that can deal with new postmodern threats have very little success. Nuclear pose both direct and indirect threats to US security. Direct threats to US security start from the proliferation, nuclear terrorism, unauthorized or inadvertent use and risk of accidents (Below, 2009).
The US has several licensed nuclear power reactors that generate a certain percentage of the total energy consumed in the US. The location of several nuclear reactors is near large population centers. Many experts consider US nuclear reactors to be of high-value aim for a terrorist resolute to perpetrate large-scale death and destruction in the United States. A report commissioned by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) showed security vulnerability associated with the energy system. The report noted that the close location to population centers makes those centers prime candidates for strategic nuclear targeting or conventional bombing.
Currently, nuclear proliferation is another pressing threat. Mostly those countries that have differences with the US and its allies are likely to acquire nuclear weapons. In pursuit of their ambitions, countries such as Iran and North Korea have violated the non-proliferation duties and defied the
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The format that this essay will do is first highlight major issues and then provide some insight and explanations in order to clarify the direct risks associated with terrorists possessing nuclear weapons. One major concern for major policy makers is the idea that terrorists could build nuclear weapons.
These events have unfortunately created misconceptions about nuclear power, which highlight more on perceived disadvantages than its benefits. This paper is a critical examination of nuclear energy focusing on its advantages and disadvantages in relation to other sources of energy.
This paper will attempt to answer the question of whether the concerns of the critics are founded. It will also try to show whether proponents are honest when they say that it is the safest and green energy to use. This report will also explore whether radioactive waste is a permanent problem or can it be solved.
The author of the paper assumes that terrorism is greatly linked to Islamic extremists especially those from the Middle East. It is largely believed that the emergence of terror attacks targeting U.S. has been motivated by five major decisions Washington has progressively implemented.
In Paul Wilkinson's article called Terrorism and the Rule of Law terrorism is defined like "the systematic use of murder, injury and destruction or threat of the same to create a climate of terror, to publicize a cause and to intimidate a wider target into conceding to the terrorists' aims" (12).
Today WMDs are nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons-frequently referred to collectively as NBC weapons."
Nuclear weapon is a device whose explosion causes massive release of energy by splitting the atoms of heavy elements ( fission) such as uranium or plutonium or fusion of lighter Hydrogen atoms.
United States of America is facing the threat of terrorism from many groups. These groups are present both within the country and outside it but their operations are aimed at hurting the people of United States of America. The extensive
These countries are France, Japan, and the United States. This is despite the fact that there are 439 nuclear reactors for power generation scattered across 31 countries. Statistics have shown that this