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e of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which guarantees and protects fundamental human freedoms, there are a lot of cases of their brutal violation. According to the International Religious Freedom Report for 2013, around 400 Shiite and 80 Christians were murdered during the attack of sectarians in Pakistan and are exposed to serious danger in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iran. Different religious minorities, including Hindus, are subjected to oppression and physical abuse in Bangladesh due to political instability in the country. Buddhist groups demolished churches and mosques in Shri Lanka. Falun Gong followers and Catholic clergymen were incarcerated and tormented in China (“International Religious Freedom Report,” 2013, p. 2). So, several questions arise: do people really have the freedom of faith and where lies the difference between religious liberty and religious extremism?
The purpose of the paper is to define the concept of “religious freedom”. Further, it will analyze the impact of this notion on human rights. Also, it will evaluate the importance of religious freedom for the functioning of international system.
Though it is popularly believed that religious freedom originated in Western culture, there is persuasive evidence indicating that this concept came from ancient Persia, Sumeria, Africa and China. In conformity with Persian Documentation and Hebrew Scriptures, around 2,600 years ago Cyrus the Great implemented the policy of adopting tolerant attitude towards people of different religions. This regime restored Jewish outcast’s right of returning to their fatherland. Other holy texts pointed out that there must not be any coercion in religious beliefs (Hertzke, 2012, p. 109).
Freedom of religion is universally acknowledged to be one of the fundamental human rights. It is stated in different declarations of the United Nations Organization, international agreements and national legislation. Article 18 of the
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The author states that state-ordained and state-prohibited dress-codes regarding Islamic head scarves in countries like Saudi Arabia and Iran, and France and Turkey, respectively, are an assault on women’s rights. A woman has the legal right to choose to wear whatever she wants to. It is a matter of her personal choice to retain or not her identity.
This essay concerns the freedom of human. When we actually get the balance between social order, personal freedom and ecological integrity correctly, the vast majority of people can live happily with individual freedom and minimal constraints. Our freedom together with constraints are formalized into kind of long agreement.
According to the report the human and political rights are the important aspects in today’s social life. Every human being has been provided with some basic fundamental rights by their governments to exist in society, which he/she has to follow. Then there are political rights that are used to protect basic fundamental rights.
As a result of these negative portrayals of its human rights records, China has become a pariah in the community of nations such that is despised by world society and gives it a hard time gaining a seat at the
Human rights are basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethical origin, race, religion, language or other status; these rights – and the duty to protect them - were stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).
From their beliefs about the cosmos and human nature, people derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle. This therefore means that people’s worldview is greatly influenced and shaped by their religious beliefs. This
The earlier versions of the Indiana law involved bipartisan support, for instance, the versions adopted by the Congress in 1993. Initially, in 1993, Mr. Clinton signed a federal law comparable to the Indiana law and the model had to support from across the board. It was seen as a way to stop the unfair domination of the religious minorities.
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