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Reading Summary - Book Report/Review Example

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In the article, James Rachel explains the principle of cultural relativism. Rachel regards cultural relativism as a theory about the nature of morality…
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Reading Summary

Download file to see previous pages... There is, therefore, no morality and that a right and wrong only matters in an opinion that varies across cultures. For instance, homosexuality is an immoral act, and an individual may feel uncomfortable in the company gay people based on the perception that they are alien. However, certain cultures approve of homosexuality and that the gay people are similar to their straight counterparts.
The writer’s position on cultural relativism is justifiable. If everyone upholds the principles and worldviews on cultural relativism, then none will perceive other people as morally wrong. Secondly, we will not criticize the moral codes of other societies and the codes of our culture. Third, we will be able to determine whether our actions are right or wrong by consulting the moral standard of our societies.
Rachel presumes that cultural relativism is a concept in social sciences that guides and directs individuals to lay aside culture, adopt broad perspectives of other worldviews, and accept other people’s culture. Therefore, cultural relativism is significant in every society because it enhances interactions and other social aspects of individuals’ lives.
The article on the social contract approach reviews the book, “Ties That Bend” by Dunfee and Donaldson (1999). It enhances business ethics by revealing understandings or collaborations that unite industries, companies, and economic ecosystem into one moral ecosystem. The Interactive social contracts theory recognizes the moral authority of key transactional truths and illegitimately deeming any social contracts existing outside the boundaries.
The social contracts approach article presents Dunfee and Donaldson’s argument on the social efficiency of hypernorm and its application to bribery. It raises questions on how to hardwire human moral behaviors. They state that the social contract approach takes moral free space seriously. For ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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