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me instances, human beings restrain themselves from pursuing their interest if it results in- harming others, or when it results in aiding other human beings (Williams 102).
In the context of the criminal justice system, the concepts of ethical and psychological egoism are very applicable. For instance in the prisoner’s dilemma, where two convicts are given choices to pursue self-interests that may result in them serving minimal, moderate or maximum sentences.
I would take pity on the parolee because her actions seem to be motivated by a greater sense of duty to her children, who cannot fend for themselves in her absence. My motivation for feeling pity on her would be the sense of altruistic feeling I would get from not uprooting her family. My motivations are in contrast with Hobbes’ assumption, that even seemingly altruistic behavior has self-serving purposes. On the contrary, it is because I already place value in helping the less privileged and the feeling of happiness, due to helping others, is a by-product of the action and not the main agenda.
As a servant of the law, the police officer is bound by rules and ethical conducts of the police force, whose primary aim is an obligation to protecting the people from harm while upholding the law. The officer has an ethical and legal duty to the public and by illegally ‘planting’ evidence to arrest the seemingly guilty sexual offender, the officer has accomplished his ethical duty to the public, by protecting potential victims. By using illegal means for the greater good of the community, the officer has done the right thing. Additionally, the officer does not seem to benefit from the arrest and has in fact risked his freedom, to pursue justice on behalf of the victims and families of sexual abuse. His sole aim is upholding justice and helping others.
The motivations that informed the newspaper’s decision to run the story are- correcting the injustice against the wrongfully convicted man, bolstering its
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comparative analysis of hard and soft philosophies of human resource management in organizations, it is first important to describe them individually in brief. These are the two most widely used concepts of HRM in organizations. They are primarily based on the opposing views of the managerial control strategies and the human nature.
Many people believe that as far as relationships are concerned, individuals with shared values or characteristics will most likely be attracted to each other. Others hold the opinion that individuals who are too much alike would not last long as a couple and therefore people tend to look for those that complement them.
I have seen that the Theory X managers believe that employees are lazy and that they avoid work on most of the occasions. I have also seen that the Theory Y managers are of the opinion that the employees exercise self-control and are intrinsically motivated.
The racism, social exclusion and oppression prevalent in a society are an evil hard to neglect. The author Elias and Scotson states that superior community always defended against an outsider invasion into their social group. The author is right in mentioning that communities are double sides and exclusion and oppression is the darker side of the community which in many cases people leaves un -noticed.
The idea of human nature is explored before looking at the ideas that have been at the foundation of behavioral modification. Once the theories that define human nature and behavioral modification have been discussed, more focused attention is put on the methods through which practice can reflect these beliefs.
The good nature of human beings is what had enabled them to live this long and be able to co-exists peacefully over the years. Human nature, the distinct ability to think, feel and act is unique in the different human beings but the undisputed fact is that the human nature shares one common character that is good.
This nature vs nurture debate has been going on since several centuries. In this article, interaction between the two in the development of human beings will be discussed with reference to 3 articles pertaining to this subject.
As early as 1859, Charles Darwin stressed on
There are various factors that remain constant in the life of a human being that make their behaviors seem repetitive or have similar patterns with those that were demonstrated by those who lived in previous ages. This
The conversation about the roles of men and women is, therefore, necessary in the sense that it helps in developing an understanding of the relevance of attitude and relationships in shaping the interactions of the two