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PROSTITUTION -this is for health ethics and law in Canada class - Essay Example

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Prostitution is not an ethical act and practicing it is against the human moral values that protect their dignity and should not be accepted in the society. Moreover, majority of the sex workers are inherently violent and do not regard themselves as important people of the…
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Prostitution Health Ethics and law in Canada Lecturer’s Prostitution Health Ethics and law in Canada Prostitution is not an ethical act and practicing it is against the human moral values that protect their dignity and should not be accepted in the society. Moreover, majority of the sex workers are inherently violent and do not regard themselves as important people of the society. According to Fisher, (2013) women have not time of screening their partners who they go to do business with and will end up being infected with sexually transmitted infections that are avoidable. According to the deontological ethical theory, individuals need to do the right and avoid doing the wrong. This theory fits very well with the argument supporting it, as it teaches that individuals have a duty and a responsibility of acting accordingly regardless of the consequences that will precede their actions (Longworth, 2010).
The utilitarian ethical theory states that the choice that yields the greatest benefit to a majority of persons is the choice that is ethically correct. It places the locus of what is wrong and right solely on the outcome of choosing ones interest actions taking into account other peoples interest. The theory is against prostitution law in an effort of reducing suffering or negatives outcomes to the society. The principle based theory focuses on main principles of ethics such as respecting the person’s autonomy, justice, beneficence, and non-maleficence practice. Thus, it calls for unethical stoppage of prostitution to protect human dignity (Irvine, Osborne, Shariff & Sneiderman, 2013).
The ethics of care theory, on the contrary, is in support of prostitution. From the theory, it is important to understand the various degrees of dependence of each individual, as it is essential to consider different situations in an effort to safeguarding and promoting the specific interest of the victims involved. Many individuals see sex work as unethical yet for them; it is a source of live food, and they cannot survive without. This has been supported by moral relativism source of morality that is concerned with the moral judgment’s differences across different cultures. It acknowledges that individuals in one way will disagree about what is ethically moral, but nobody emerges objectively wrong or right (Fisher, 2013).
According to subjectivism source of morality, subjectivism is according to the truth condition of utterance that “prostitution is wrong” from the moral human standard. Thus, it disapproves of the act subjecting it to be morally unethical practicing it. From objectivism based on authority source of morality, prostitution is a legal act and basing on that it is legal to carry out the act despite its consideration as being morally unethical (Irvine, Osborne, Shariff & Sneiderman, 2013). According to Objectivism based on reason source of morality, embracing existence means accepting the reality by rejecting all the notions of the supernatural and mystical world. The identity of the sex workers needs to be protected as they too have a life to live. In reality, victims of prostitution have to take chances in order to make a living or end up being beggars. Reality cannot be escaped but has to be proudly and solemnly faced (Butts & Rich, 2011).
References
Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2011). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Fisher, J. (2013). Biomedical ethics: A Canadian focus. Don Mills, Ont: OUP Canada.
Irvine, J. C., Osborne, P. H., Shariff, M. J., & Sneiderman, B. (2013). Canadian medical law: An introduction for physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals. Toronto: Carswell.
Longworth, C. E. (2010). Male violence against women in prostitution: Weighing feminist legislative responses to a troubling Canadian phenomenon. Appeal: Rev. Current L. & L. Reform, 15, 58. Read More
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