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Euthanasia: Moral And Ethical Questions - Essay Example

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An essay "Euthanasia: Moral And Ethical Questions" claims that a major ethical issue in the field of healthcare is euthanasia. Euthanasia is the practice of putting an end to the life of an individual in order to relieve him/her from the suffering or pain.  …
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Euthanasia: Moral And Ethical Questions
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Download file to see previous pages There is a lot of debate on the subject of euthanasia. Some of the entities whose rights, needs, desires, and views are being represented in the current debate on euthanasia include the individual being given euthanasia who is mostly a patient, the victim’s relatives, doctors and healthcare providers, law-making and law-enforcing agencies, religious groups, and human rights’ activists. The victim and/or the relatives vary in their needs and views on euthanasia from one case to another. Likewise, different countries and states have varying laws on euthanasia depending upon the consent of the majority of people or the other criteria that are considered for law-making. Most religious groups condemn the practice of euthanasia in general and involuntary euthanasia in particular as a vast majority of religions to consider murder or suicide a sin. Some religious groups and human rights’ activists even consider euthanasia as murder. Utilitarianism is an approach to ethics which is directed at maximization of happiness for the mankind. The founder of utilitarianism, Jeremy Bentham argued, “nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand, the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think” (Bentham cited in Chambers, 2005).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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..., M.A. (2014). Euthanasia and assisted suicide: a physician’s and ethicist’s perspectives. Medicolegal and Bioethics, 14 (4), 1–12. Courtwright, D.T. (2013). Morality, public policy, and partisan politics in American history: An introduction. The Journal of Policy History, 25 (1), 1-11. doi: 10.1017/S0898030612000322. Dickinson, G.E., Clark, D., Winslow, M & Marples, R. (2005). US physicians’ attitudes concerning euthanasia and physician-assisted death: A systematic literature review. Mortality, 10(1): 43-52. doi: 10.1080/13576270500030982. Emanuel, E.J. (1999). What is the great benefit of legalizing euthanasia of physican-assisted suicide? Ethics, 109 (3), 629-642. Essinger, D. (2003). Attitudes of Tennessee physicians toward...
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