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4th amendment - Essay Example

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It is explained that, an unreasonable search is a search undertaken by a government officer without a search warrant, a credible cause, or devoid of the…
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THE 4TH AMENDMENT s) s) number and The 4th Amendment A brief explanation of the 4th amendment is that it shields civilians and servicemen from unreasonable seizures and searches. It is explained that, an unreasonable search is a search undertaken by a government officer without a search warrant, a credible cause, or devoid of the authority to conduct it. Seizure, on the other hand, is obtaining possessions for evidentiary use in a court of law (Callahan, McCart and Mueller 2005).
The gathering of my phone records and emails is a violation of the amendment, and it amounts to unreasonable search. Why is this so? Scaros (2011) describes the Katz case where such a violation did occur. In the case, Katz, who was the petitioner, did not know that the FBI had fixed an eavesdropping device on the telephone booth he used that documented his conversations. He was found guilty, but on appealing, the majority of seven judges on the jury judged that his 4th amendment rights had been violated by the FBI. In the same way, the gathering of my phone records and emails without my consent and knowledge is a violation of the amendment. In the case, the court noted that as long as an individual would logically know that their conversation is and remains private, then such a conversation is protected by the 4th amendment (Scaros 2011).
In support of the view that it is a violation, and it amounts to unreasonable search, Hess and Orthmann (2011) argue that warrantless search is validated when approval for the search is given or if no right to privacy exists. Hence, as gathering phone records and emails is not undertaken with a search warrant or my approval, then it violates the 4th amendment and is unreasonable (Hess and Orthmann 2011).
Bibliography
Callahan, Michael, Alice, M McCart, and K Mueller. Servicemembers Legal Guide. 5th edn. Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books, 2005.
Hess, Karen, and Christine, H Orthmann. Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice. 10th . New York: Cengage Learning, 2011.
Scaros, Constantinos. Understanding the Constitution. Sudbury: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011. Read More
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