Currently, the question of euthanasia is one of the most painful, urgent, and widely discussed topics. In medicine, euthanasia is seen as the opportunity of a person suffering from a fatal disease to make an independent…
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Despite the fact that in some countries it is permitted, there is still no consensus on the matter in the world. Unfortunately, even given the high level of its achievements under the influence of scientific and technological progress, modern medicine cannot save mankind from death and physical suffering. The fact that the issue of euthanasia is particularly important in modern medicine is also associated with a departure from the principle of medical paternalism to the principles determined by contemporary bioethics.
To begin with, for centuries, medical ethics had changed markedly. Previously medicine relied on Hippocratic Oath, the basic principle of which is as follows: “do whatever you like, but do no harm” (Hulkower 41). The ethics of Hippocratic medicine was an example of paternalism where the doctor was endowed with limitless powers in relation to the patient (McClenaghan 10). Today, medical ethics is based on four ethical principles that demonstrate a departure from medical paternalism. None of them is leading, since they are all equivalent (Varelius 377-380):
Translated from the Greek the word "euthanasia" means a "good death." (Ardelt 424) The term appeared in the 16th century. The English philosopher and scientist Francis Bacon identified the following main features of euthanasia: easy and painless dying and a strong belief that to die is the greater good than to feel pain and sufferings in life. Francis Bacon believed that the doctor should help the dying patients, so they were not so scary. He "discussed euthanasia as a fair, easy passage" (Pridgeon 49). After almost three hundred years, a modern meaning of the term had appeared. Euthanasia began to be understood as an attempt to help person experiencing unbearable suffering escape from life that is to show compassion towards him or her. Shortly after, the term was forgotten, and at the end of the twentieth century, the issue of euthanasia became rather disputable. There is a
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This first section focuses on public opinion on euthanasia. There is little question that euthanasia is a complicated issue. For the purpose of this paper euthanasia will refer to any activity that is enacted to enable a more rapid ending of a life that relieves pain and suffering of a patient.
They also argue that the sentiment of humane treatment afforded animals that are terminally ill or injured and are suffering should be given to humans as well. Opponents suggest that euthanasia is a ‘slippery slope’ that would allow increasing instances of coerced suicide, family members pressuring the elderly not to postpone their inevitable demise for financial reasons.
The author states that the euthanasia debate contains impassioned and compelling arguments on both sides of the discussion. Advocates of euthanasia want to diminish needless suffering. Numerous diseases such as cancer are responsible for causing patients to linger while experiencing an excruciatingly painful existence.
The era of slavery has gone and the human beings are now conscious regarding their freedom of choice and their rights to take important decisions about their lives. These developments have provoked many controversies and important subjects that were beyond human thinking have surfaced.
The major arguments presented by proponents of euthanasia include autonomy, mercy, public policy, best interests’ arguments and golden rule. Opponents of euthanasia argue that the practice is against medical ethics and it defeats the rationale of medical care.
They include assisted suicide, active voluntary euthanasia and physician-aided suicide. In essence, these terms describe the ending of one’s suffering via termination of their life often via drugs administration. Today, Patients Rights Council (2012) reveals that assisted suicide is considered illegal in 47 U.S States apart from Washington, Montana and Oregon which support physician-assisted suicide.
ocesses include: identification of the dilemma, the potential issues involved, the relevant ethical codes, applicable laws and regulations, consultation on the dilemma, courses of action and the consequences of decisions made among others. The two that matter the most among all
In this manner, it is not right to make people to live more than they need. Actually making individuals continue living when they would prefer not to abuse their individual flexibility and human rights. It is improper; they say to
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