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These traditional methods of social organization have now been dismantled by industrialization, which has put workers’ welfare at risk. Under this model, it is also assumed that the government has more resources because of the increased affluence brought on by industrialization processes, so the government can effectively perform the role of safeguarding its citizens’ welfare. On a larger scale, welfare systems may be regarded as a necessity of the openness of economic systems, which expose workers to external shocks thus causing governments to shield them from these shocks (Huber and Stephens 2).
Alternatively, one may perceive welfare states as a reflection of state capabilities; some nations adopt comprehensive and all-encompassing welfare programs while others do not. These differences arise from the level of power dispersion in those countries as well as their capacities. Other than industrialism and state capacity, welfare systems can also be seen as manifestations of political or class struggles. In this school of thought, state policy is determined by the need to maintain a balance of power between capitalists and socialists. It is presumed that socialists mostly comprise of left wing party supporters and labor organizations; conversely, capitalists consist of right wing politicians as well as the government center. In some instances, left wing politics dominates politics thus putting right-wing advocates on the other end of the spectrum. In this theoretical school, a constant struggle exists between these two groups in the distribution of power. Capitalists want to extract as much output as they can from capital and labor while civil society wants to safeguard society’s interests; more often than not, these two entities clash, and a welfare system prevailed when the left outperforms the right.
After examining how a welfare system comes about, it
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The Pros and Cons of "Globalization". Globalization cannot be considered as a sole concept that can be easily defined and covered within a set time frame. It is also not a procedure that can be described clearly with a commencement and an end. In addition to these, it cannot be explained upon with confidence and be appropriate to all the people and in all contexts.
A sovereign state has a governmental institution that has an authority, over a specific geographical location. The State is the only institution allowed to use force, and has people who permanently reside in the state. The State has the ability to negotiate on issues of its interest at the international arena.
Today’s information advances and the globalized economy have deeply and permanently reshaped the economic, educational, political, and social setting of the world. The once limited, slow, and conservative tempo of societal transformation has now become borderless, fast, and far-reaching.
The United States is one of the largest and most diverse countries in the world, and thus it is understandable that any political issue will have contentious debaters for both sides. This is especially true of welfare; the United States has everyone from leftist liberals advocating a socialist revolution to anarchist rejecting the very premise of government and focusing on community welfare without the artifice of a state to libertarians who grudgingly admit that a government must exist, but think that any government program beyond safeguarding the physical safety of its citizens inherently violates rights.
15 Appendix 2: U.S. Profits, Federal Income Taxes & Tax Breaks for Ten Major American Companies (Citizen for Tax Justice, 2002). 16 Appendix 3: Relation between Income Tax changes for the top 5% and Job Creation (Tyson and Zidar, 2012) 18 1. Introduction United States (US) every year provides $125 billion in corporate welfare to big profitable corporate entities through subsidies, tax breaks and other aids (Sanders, 2013).
It cannot be described as a process neither with a beginning or a clear end. Furthermore, it cannot be applied with certainty to all individuals across all regions. Globalization involves integration of the economy, transfer of various policies and regulations across borders, knowledge transmission, cultural stability, relations, reproductions and power discourse.
The emergence of globalization has led to the inception of controversy that increased globalization is fading away the role, authority, and sovereignty of state. This paper intends to explain two opinions regarding state sovereignty and globalization.
The main analytical tools are based on the historical-institutionalist approach with an emphasis on both how the state controlled and regulated the voluntary sector through institutional adaptations, and how the voluntary sector opted to react through exit, loyalty and voice in response to state intervention.
"Political system under which the state (rather than the individual or the private sector) has responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, providing a guaranteed minimum standard of life, and insurance against the hazards of poverty, illness, and social deprivation.
It is clear that welfare programs, most notably that of food stamps and unemployment benefits, are beneficial for society as a whole and help individuals re-enter society’s workforce while coping with unfortunate circumstances. Individuals work hard to come off of receiving such benefits due to social, environmental and familial shame.
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