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The compositions of different tribes and ethnic in United Kingdom demonstrates that the State can be comprised of different nations. The country have four distinct region namely England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland2. During the scramble and partition of Africa, the European nation demarcated territory in disregard of the cultural, linguistic and history of the inhabitant of Africa. They, therefore, established borders with different nations within the states. This had remained so even when all the African countries gained independently, and there is always constant conflict between different cultures as they fight to limited resources3.
Moreover, there are nations that comprise of a single nation. For example, South Korea consists of a single ethnic group that share a language and a culture. This is different to other countries that have more from one ethnic group, but form a states that engage in negotiations with other states for the good of its people.
In conclusion, States are either comprised of a single nation or several nations within its territory, and it is how well a states manages it affair that keeps the nations within it in harmony and avoid the emergence of nationalism and establishment of the new
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During periods of conflict, many government leaders rely on how citizens feel about their country to recruit soldiers as well as to gain support for the continuation of a fighting strength. When governments fall out of favor with the nation's people, many issues can arise which can lead to increased discord and an overall lack of support.
12). The fact that an Internet petition consisting of over 20 million Chinese signatures opposing Japan's admission to the Security Council, combined with the huge Chinese protests concerning the use of history books in Japan that mostly ignore the Japanese atrocities in World War II, shows that there is a lot of rage in China that could be tapped and sent in irresponsible directions.
However, as Hitti (1943) writes in his analysis of the Islamic conquest, this particular event is not simply militarily or historically significant but, above all, is culturally and politically important. The Arab conquest of the North African and the Levantine countries was as much a cultural conquest as it was military one.
He stated that the industrial revolution in the West necessitated a radical change in the relationship between polity and culture, and that this in turn produced nationalism. Mass literacy and a high degree of social mobility, could only be achieved by access to state-sponsored universal education system- that is national- are the basic requirement for the industrial and predominantly urban society.
These 'enemies' could be other animals in smaller societies, other nations or people in larger context and even nature when had a panoramic view. While fear could have been the major inspiration for coming together in the earlier days, growth of a country and living against other men met the spirit of nationalism had to exist (Levy, 2000).
People who are grouped together with the same background, even the same race, can have a purpose larger than themselves. A nation, in his opinion, is not defined by the boundaries on a map, but by the unity and resilience of a
nation, an aspiration for its wealth, welfare, and the upholding of a strong respect and regard for the policies, laws or principles of that country. In a deeper sense, nationalism also means the maintaining and expounding of national culture and ideals among a specified group
Nationalism of different nations, institute among the subjects that emerge prominently in the discussions of the countries’ histories with France not being an exception. The term which appears modern, emerged