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This was very much in agreement with Rousseau views. They agree that everyone in the society should have a fair share of resources since they all work to earn this basic need.
There are, however, some contrasting views on their theory where Rousseau criticizes most of the Hobbes views. These views are as they put them in their theories. Hobbes in his theory of human believes that human nature is always in conflict (Angeli 1998). The conflict is brought about by the stiff competition of the unlimited resources which are scarce in nature. He brings out the nature of competition as a state of war between different people, fighting to be left out with the object which is in demand. This fight causes the society to live in chaos. This is because the societies’ needs are many but they can only be settled out by a few resources available. The limited resource makes people to engage in such activities as corruption and disobedient of the rule of law. Therefore, they live as though they are not under the umbrella of the government. Rousseau’s criticizes Hobbes’ theory of human nature by proclaiming that the human nature is good. He argues that human behaviors are largely transformed by the society they do live in. He also argues that Hobbes was not able to define nature in a manner that was understandable.
Hobbes believed that the state of nature is so much influenced by selfishness in the society. People have no love for one another, and they do influence policies which suits their needs. Human nature according to him influences the political power system and governance (Cespi 2008). Because of the materialistic nature that people have, they do compete for power because human power is influenced by the material wealth that one has. He looks at these desires of material wealth and power as very negative way of human interaction. He argues that the economic and political
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They also emphasize on the rule of law, private ownership of property and freedom of religion (Epstein, 2). The role of government as envisaged by classical liberalists is to protect the rights of the individuals. However, this is only applicable in theory as the rule only applies to the bourgeoisie class at the expense of the proletariat (Fremont-Barnes, 225).
He claimed that every individual existing in this universe, has the right to be here and none had the right to harm one another. Hence, Locke is known as the “Father of liberalism” The contemporary concepts like “identity” and “self” was formulated with reference to Locke’s “theory of mind”.
Attempts to its implementation, made primarily in the socialist states failed. Yet, they significantly enriched the theory and practice of democracy (though mostly with negative experience) and had a significant influence on the modern political system. This collectivist democracy is often called identitary.
Where do we draw the line between what is good for the individual and what is for the greater good of the community? What strategies are to be implemented in addressing community issues? In the run up to the 2012 US presidential election, the two main contenders are the incumbent, President Barrack Obama of the Democratic Party, and the Republican challenger, Governor Mitt Romney.
He explained that when all men lived without a strong power, they was in the state of war, and "such a war as is of every man against every man" (Hobbes, Chapter XIII). Hobbes therefore supposed that a general inclination of all mankind, a perpetual and restless desire of power after power.
In the First Part: Of Man, Hobbes' philosophy is built in the manner of a geometrical proof. He observes that the universe is a "plenum" filled with material bodies. The innate condition of mankind and the state of nature here is essentially brutal and it is a "war of every man against every man," (Hobbes, 79) in which one continually seeks to annihilate the other.
However, Locke, Rousseau and Kant changed our political perspectives, our understanding of the rights and duties of citizens and states and emphasized man’s right and responsibility to take political action, even revolution, when needed.
Majority of contemporary political theorists consider that the state has authority in the descriptive sense. This means that the state maintains public order via creating rules and issuing commands that subjects generally
In the first essay, he looks at Good and evil and Good and bad where he indicates that master morality was developed by the health, free and strong who identified their happiness as good. However, they saw the weak, poor and
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