In the paper “China’s One Child Policy” the author analyzes China’s One Child Policy, which has been around for several years now, long enough to allow a certain amount of perspective on the vociferous debate that has surrounded this issue…
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While both sides have claims, reasoning and evidence, Toulmin’s model of argumentation is not specifically used by either side. The argument is also a very political one. Each side has different cultures and values, and these form a large part of the context that must be considered when examining the claims and context in this debate.
Authorities in China say that since 2000, more than 250 million live births have been prevented by the use of this policy. They claim that if these people had been born, the current infrastructure and social structure in China would be unable to support them and that China would be weaker today. This argument goes to the core of the policy and is one of the main reasons it was implemented in the first place by the Chinese government back in the late 1970s following the period of economic opening led by Deng Xiaping. At the time the policy was implemented by the government there were grave concerns about China being overpopulated and being unable to support its own people. This led some politicians to suggest the one child policy.
Another cause was the fact that contraception was not widely available back at the time this policy went into effect. It was harder for women to control their own reproduction; instead, the state decided to take control. The state argues this was done out of necessity because of the social and cultural aspects in vogue at the time. But today, several decades later, many wonder if it was even necessary. For example, has it done much to address this state problem?
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The policy was enforced stringently in urban areas while allowing some exceptions for rural areas and for families where the couple were the single child of their respective families or parents whose child was disabled or dead. There was the huge penalty for violating the policy norm of one child in urban areas. The family was charged for having the second child, all welfare amenities were withdrawn and the promotion of working parents withheld.
China's compulsory one-child population policy was initially established based on the 1980 population factors. The factors included signs of overpopulation (Chen 403). During this time, the people were happy with the revision of China’s prior cultural concepts.
Apart from the government’s initiative to implement the one-child policy, a major section of the educated class of people in these countries has started to consider the advantages and the drawbacks of the one-child policy (Nayak 26). By controlling the birth rate, the government aimed to achieve social and economic balance by matching the supply level with the potential demand in the economies.
Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746).
This policy takes effect during 1979 and requires all couples in mainland China to have no more than one child. However, this policy is somehow misconceived. Contrary to the common knowledge that One Child Policy is implemented in the entire China, the Economic and Social Commissions for Asia and the Pacific states that "the actual location varies from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female.
single-child policy in 1979, which required each family to limit their child bearing to one, or face governmental sanctions and penalties (Evans, 2005). The government felt this was a necessity to increase economic and social development, and improve Chinese quality of life
Al, “The Eﬀect of the One-Child Policy on Fertility in China: Identiﬁcation Based on the Diﬀerences-in-Diﬀerences”). The law was introduced by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child.
What is One Child Policy? : In China the policy behind birth planning is more popularly and commonly known as the “one child policy”. The committee claims that about approximately 36% of China’s population is subjected to the one child restriction policy