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Karl Marx: Manifesto of the Communist Party - Term Paper Example

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The author of the paper focuses on “Communist Manifesto” (1848) authored by Karl Marx which is arguably the most influential analytical political manifesto in delineating the class struggle within the communist and the capitalist dichotomy paradigm…
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Karl Marx: Manifesto of the Communist Party
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Download file to see previous pages Accordingly, Karl Marx viewed societal structures as comprising effectively two components; namely the “bourgeoisie and the proletariat” in asserting that “our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however this distinct feature: it has simplified class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other - bourgeoisie and proletariat” (Communist Manifesto, 1848).

To this end, the underlying proposition of the Communist Manifesto is that the social class struggle under the capitalist social paradigm, whilst creating oppression of the “proletarians”, ultimately lends itself to the demise of capitalism through revolution. Indeed, Linklater posits that “the structure of world capitalism guaranteed the emergence of the first authentically universal class which would liberate species from the consequences of estrangement between states and nations” (In Devetak et al, 2007 66).

Moreover, Larson et al refer to the argument that socialists embraced the task of working-class mobilization and that “the perspectives which socialist theorists can be divided are revolutionary trade union activity and revolutionary transformation of capitalist society (Larson et al, 38).

On the one hand, if we consider this in terms of the contemporary socio-economic framework; continuous evolution of social structures and demise of entrenched class barriers would suggest that Marx’s “bourgeoisie and proletariat” class model may be redundant and therefore should be viewed as solely contextually in terms of the socio-political backdrop influencing Marx’s theory at the time (Bottomore 23).
For example, Bottomore highlights that “changes in working-class politics during the twentieth century from revolutionary to reformist ideas and actions…. It may be claimed that the social bond of nationality has proved more effective in creating a community than has that of class” (Bottomore 23). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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