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Empirical Evidence in Different Areas of Knowledge - Term Paper Example

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The "Empirical Evidence in Different Areas of Knowledge " paper tries to understand the various ways through which empirical evidence can be used to progress different areas of knowledge, and states that it is imperatively valuable to have a clear understanding of what empirical evidence entails…
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Empirical Evidence in Different Areas of Knowledge
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Download file to see previous pages Empirical evidence is a term that is coined from the word empiricism- which is the core of science practice (Argote, 1999, p. 39). On its part, science can be regarded as empirical in the sense that it directly relies on observation and/or experience for it to explain or describe phenomena. This implies that an empirical or a scientific approach must be based on explanations that can directly be observed repeatedly, are replicable, and must also be inductive. In this respect, therefore, empirical evidence is any detail that originates from or is based on experience or on observation. This is what we commonly refer to as empirical data. On the same note, any information that relies on observation or experience alone, and often do not give due regard to theory or for the system, is regarded as the empirical basis for which a particular theory rests. On the other hand, empirical laws are those that are verifiable or are capable of being, by experiment or observation, be disproved (Argote, 1999, p. 41).

From the above principle definitions of the components of empirical evidence, we can now categorically define empirical evidence as evidence gathered from observations. This can be both through direct natural observation or experimental observation. On its part, the naturalistic observation is characterized by detailed phenomenon observation within the natural setting it is in, and as at the time of the observation. Experimental observation involves the manipulation of an independent variable so that its effects can be observed against another variable that is dependent. In comparison and contrast, it is much more reliable to go by experimental evidence because naturalistic observations are usually more vulnerable to bias by the researcher.

As a theory of knowledge, empirical evidence is eminently a fancy way through which different categories of ‘truth’ were enumerated by philosophers like Kant, Descartes, and Aristotle in advancing or progressing different knowledge areas. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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