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Review/ Obedience to Authority - Book Report/Review Example

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The question is how such acts are committed without any provocation, on a mass scale, by groups of people, who would not have committed such acts in the normal…
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Book review/ Obedience to Authority
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Download file to see previous pages At the time of committing the crime, they knew, what they were doing was wrong. How those people, who were decent in the normal course of their disposition, sealed the emotional chamber of their hearts and indulged in unimaginable savagery? The German citizens who were in charge of the death camps were commonplace normal citizens. Stanley Milgram (1983) writes “Behind that is unthinkable in an individual who is acting on his own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders” (p. xi).What is the genesis or root cause of their unethical behavior towards a particular community?
The physical condition apart, an individual remains generally mentally weak and submissive when one is afflicted with health-related problems. The moral question in health issues was examined by Stanley Milgram, the psychologist, who developed the Milgram experiment related to induced electric shocks given by the learners to a group of people under the command of the experimenter. This experiment validated the conclusion that when people are ordered to do something by the people in authority, most of the people will obey, fall in line, and execute the orders even though the act is against their conscience. Milgram experiment was repeated a number of times and the results were the same. People were willing to mortgage their conscience and will carry out orders, howsoever mean they were. To such people obedience is a virtue and killing the conscience is not.
It is satisfying to note that Milgram has been contradicted. The time element is also the factor. 2014 is not 1933(the year in which Adolph Hitler took the reins of power in Germany). A strong reason which killed the conscience of the average German and turned them against the Jews was the relentless propaganda unleashed by the top hierarchy of Nazis that all Jews were evil incarnations. A thick coat of negative thinking ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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