Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Compare and/or contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism concerning their concepts of the Creation of materialization of the Universe - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Religions exist probably as many centuries as the human race exists and are a natural result of cultural development of civilizations, an indispensable part of all stages of human development in general. In the empirical religions (Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism, Shinto,…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
Compare and/or contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism concerning their concepts of the Creation of materialization of the Universe
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Compare and/or contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism concerning their concepts of the Creation of materialization of the Universe"

Religions exist probably as many centuries as the human race exists and are a natural result of cultural development of civilizations, an indispensable part of all stages of human development in general. In the empirical religions (Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism, Shinto, Confucianism, some aspects of Hinduism), three of which are in the focus of this paper, the concept of God as the Creator of the Universe is denied or is incidental. Despite this similarity these religions still have significant differences in the matters of the Creation and objective reality.
Taoism, for example, with its concept of non-action, was traditionally opposed to Confucianism, which preached the necessity to serve diligently the emperor and community. This opposition was so deep that was even reflected in the works of eminent Jesuit missionaries. Matteo Ricci, who was in the close contact with the Confucian elite, rejected Taoism as a pagan practice. While his opponent, Michele Ruggieri, asserted similarity between the concepts of Tao and Logos. At the same time, there were schools of Taoism which studied the Buddhist treatises, the first of which was the school of Linbao. Ge Chaofu, its founder, adopted from Buddhists the elements of cosmology in a simplified form and the idea of ​​reincarnation in five worlds. The Taoists haven’t left the practices of achieving immortality, but improved its concept. They also adopted some principles of the Buddhist theory of rebirth which determined the doctrine of karma and retribution. Later Buddhist elements have become habitual to the Taoist school, which also adopted the Buddhist methods of meditation.
Shinto (from the Japanese “The Way of the Gods”) – is a religion that originated in early feudal Japan from a variety of tribal cults. The Holy Book of Shintoism is the Kojiki. Still, the religion has no canonical books. Unlike the other religions, Shintoism has no systematic dogma. Researchers have identified a number of the most characteristic features of Shinto. According to one, the Universe, all the things around, are the results of the Universe self-development: the Universe appeared by itself, it was good and perfect. The regulating force of existence comes from the Universe, not from a kind of a supreme deity, as in Christianity or Islam. Another doctrine emphasizes unity of the Universe, nature and man. In the Shinto worldview there is no division between animate and inanimate: for Shinto followers everything is living - animals and plants and things. The Shinto Pantheon has many gods and spirits. According to Shinto, man descended from one of the countless spirits.
The founder of Taoism is Lao-tzu. One of the fundamental sacred books of Taoism is the Dao De Jing, but along with it there are other canonical texts which number is large. At the heart of the Dao De Jing are the fundamental to the classical Chinese thought categories - Dao and De. Dao is somewhat similar with the God of Heaven, but it has been given a more abstract form. Dao is a sort of the law of life and cosmos, the universal unity of the world, divine Absolute. The Great Dao was not created, but everything comes from it. Everything comes back to Dao having made the life cycle. Dao is not only the prime cause of all things’ existence, but the final goal also, the end of objective reality. It is not possible to perceive Dao and express in words. Dao is not only the Absolute, but also the way everything should be in the Universe. All man who what to be happy should settle down to this way, try to learn the Great Dao and merge with it. According to Taoism, man is a microcosm and microcosm is eternal. Physical death means only that the spirit is separated from the body and it melts in macrocosm. Dao is inextricably linked with De. Dao is manifested in each individual through De. But this power should not be interpreted as an effort, but rather as an attempt to avoid any efforts and actions.
Confucianism, the teaching of the great Chinese thinker Kung-tzu (Confucius) is a synonym of rationalism, but at the same time it is deeply religious in form. Confucianism states that all the canons and constitutions are sanctified by the Heaven, which shows man the right way of conduct. According to Confucius views, the Universe is an orderly, harmonious and eternal principle. A man must find his place in this world harmony. And for this he must strive for perfection. A kind of the ideal should be the noble man (chun tzu). The main characteristics which are inherent to the noble man are sensuality, sense of duty, knowledge, moderation and confidence. Not being a religion in the fullest sense, Confucianism became more than just the religion. Confucianism is the foundation of the Chinese way of life, the quintessence of the Chinese civilization. For more than two thousand years Confucianism has shaped minds and feelings of the Chinese, influenced on their beliefs, psychology of behavior, thought, perception, their lifestyle.

 Bell, Daniel and Hahm Chaibong. Confucianism for the Modern World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Robinet, Isabelle and Phyllis Brooks. Taoism: Growth of a Religion. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997. 
Satoshi, Ito, et al. Shinto, a Short History. London: Routledge Curzon, 2003. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Compare and/or contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Compare and/Or Contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism Essay)
“Compare and/Or Contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Compare and/or contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism concerning their concepts of the Creation of materialization of the Universe

Compare / contrast

...?This is a comparison and contrast between Cinderella and Ashputtle. Both the stories are very similar with only minor differences which will be discussed below. Both the stories essentially follow the same storyline but there are some changes. Charles Perrault’s focuses on the simplicity and kind heartedness of Cinderella who never wishes badly for anyone. Her father is described as a weak individual and is not a prominent character in the story (Perrault). More focus is kept on Cinderella and her fairy Godmother. The Fairy Godmother keeps on telling Cinderella to be a good girl and Cinderella listens to her. Cinderella is shown as a very kind-hearted and innocent girl who always does good to others. Hence in the end Cinderella...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

East Religion (Daoism, Bushido, Confucianism, Shintoism)

... for an individual to live with a code of ethics. Confucianism encourages people to inculcate sound and good ethical values in themselves before pointing fingers towards others. Everyone should identify mistakes in himself/herself and correct them. Confucianism holds the belief that if everyone conducted the self assessment in this way, the society would improve on the scale of morality as a whole. This practice would not only keep the people from getting into the useless blame game they normally do, but also improve their moral standing. Shintoism, the traditional religion of Japan, is very old. Why do you think the very popular Japanese Buddhism has not replaced it? The beliefs of Shintoism have been so deeply cultivated and ingrained...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Compare and Contrast Various Research Concepts

...? BUSINESS RESEARCH METHODS Compare and Contrast Various Research Concepts …………………. College/ ………….. …………. Introduction Information and knowledge are perhaps most valuable and powerful intangible assets of a business organization. If a business is gifted to find information with its ‘research process’ and to adopt effective ‘knowledge management’ practices to make use of the information it has collected, the business will certainly be able to build sustainable competitive advantages and stay long to survive in its marketing landscape. Research is thus vital to an organization to get access in to right information, on right time and about right events in right ways. Most business organizations spend relatively a good amount of its earnings...
12 Pages (3000 words) Research Paper

Compare & contrast

... Comparison and Contrast between two close friends Introduction My two closest friends are John and George. We have been friends since third grade and have to this day, served as one another’s support system for as long as we have known each other. George is very athletic while John is the geek in the group. The latter has interests in computers and knowledge in general, while the former plays football and recently made it to be the school’s first team as a quarter back. We are currently in the same school though different classes but share every opportunity in between the lessons and available free time to chat and share jokes. Personality From the above brief description, my two friends have very distinct personalities. George is more...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Compare & Contrast

... Compare and contrast Spring and Fall There is a certain charm and quality to a Spring day that is missing from the season of Fall. There is the feeling of lightness and life during the months of spring, it is apparent in the scent of lilacs and can be seen in the myriad of flowers coming into bloom and plants putting on their verdant dresses of green. The warmth in the air is tempered occasionally by a cooling breeze and the sounds of birds singing their songs of creation abound. Even the word “Spring” has a sense of liveliness, energy and effervescence. Phrases like “Spring Ahead” come to mind as positive reinforcements of this season. The word “Fall” on the other hand (need I say more), connotes perhaps a “Fall from Grace... Compare and ...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Compare & Contrast

...Full Comparison and Contrast of Beliefs in Literature Life has many challenges and men from the ancient world to these modern times expressed their convictions about the facts of life. For some, they come in the form of stories while others express their thoughts in persuasive manners. No matter how one conveys his thoughts, an individual’s beliefs and reasoning are portrayed in the words and images created through the forms used. One could be how people perceive God, how many gods they believe in and the effects of their beliefs in their lives as shown in the essay of Thomas Malthus on the principle of population and The Epic of Gilgamesh. The former believes in one God, reflecting the monotheistic nature of Christianity while the latter...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Compare & Contrast

...Compare and contrast This table compares and contrasts the gross domestic product of 22 Arab league countries with those of India, China, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, and the United States of America. It is noted that the total GDP for all the 22 Arab Countries combined is only 6.77% of the total GDP of the seven selected countries. Furthermore, the individual GDP of India, China, Germany, Japan, and the United States has surpassed the total GDP of the 22 Arab league countries. GDP ( official exchange rate) 22 Arab league countries 2689.99 India 1825 China 8227 France 2609 Germany 3401 Japan 5964 Italy 2014 United States 15680 Total 2689.99 39720 Source: CIA World Factbook This second table compares the total GDP of Israel...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay


Jiaxia Liu English 101 Carl Waluconis Essay #4 Worth the Challenge Introduction Writing is a serious business and by no means an easy task. Moreover,being an international student it appears to be all the more challenging since there are major differences between the Chinese and English usage of words and grammar. Though the first two years at college were rather challenging, yet my close association with the language has served to improve my abilities of English usage to a great extent.
As an international student and with Chinese as my mother – tongue, I was not too confident about my skills of speaking and writing because I found major differences between the English and Chinese languages. Though I love writing, yet I used t...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Compare contrast

... and meaning. In that way death works in entirely different angles in a short story "A good man is hard to find" by Flannery O’Connor and a poem "Because I could not stop for Death” written by Emily Dickson, which open to the reader not only the contrast between life and death in that very final moment, but express its essence and the nature of its main action, when the last breathing-out flies of a human’s body. To begin with it must be said that for the whole understanding of the death concept represented in analyzed works, there is a great importance of comparison of two isolated examples of death depiction. Firstly, let’s see how it appears in Flannery O’Connor’s "A good man is hard to find". Seemingly its hard to predict...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Brand Personality Creation and Promotion

Sales promotion includes such activities as setting up store displays, holding Trade Shows, and distributing samples, premiums, and coupons. There are several factors that point to the need for promotion today. In the first place, as the distance between producers and consumers increases and the number of potential customers grows, the problem of market communication becomes significant.
There are Five different methods which are adopted for promotion, that are (1) Public Relations (2) Advertising (3) Publicity (4) Sales Promotion (5) Personal selling. The decision of the Promotional mix is related to budget availability for funds promotion, nature of the market and the product and the stage of the product life cycle.
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Critical Concepts in Political Science

Globalization, accompanied by liberal rhetoric, is accused in losses of the cultural identity, the insufficient accountability of large transnational corporations, deterioration of the rights of workers, an increase of distance between the rich and poor countries and between classes. Liberalism is also suspected in promoting the capture of authority by the countries of the West and in particular the USA above the whole planet.
The modern world experiences fundamental and dynamic changes. Transformation of international relations, the termination of confrontation and consecutive overcoming of consequences of the Cold War have expanded opportunities of cooperation on the international scene. The threat of the global nuclear con...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

Free Will and Its Critical Concepts in Philosophy

... the idea of free will. We can’t have free choices if all plans about the past, present or future are already determined as either true or false? Theological determinism rejects free will because God is omniscient, predicts and directs the actions of the humans in advance (Shermer, 2004). Under this notion, determinism and free will can coexist. As obvious by the term itself, incompatibilism is in opposite of compatibilism. It says no free will can be exercised in the presence of a universe that determines all events beforehand. Two forms of incompatibilism are: HARD DETERMINISM: This theory accepts only idea of truth of determinism and rejects possibility of FREE WILL. METAPHYSICAL LIBERTARIANISM: This concept agrees...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

Key Concepts of Counseling Psychology

Humans were born with the capacity to know and the freedom to choose between good and evil.  Given this freedom, we are responsible for our decisions, actions, and thoughts. Consequently, there is a need for therapy when an individual is unable or unwilling to accept personal responsibility for emotional problems.   We are not perfect therefore we make imperfect decisions. Therapy in this integrative approach attempts to get the client to live at peace with themselves in spite of mistakes. However, the level of peace depends on the extent to which one allows the environment to influence one’s inner world. Individuals, therefore, have the capability to improve themselves. Nonetheless, we have the tendency to develop...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

The Creation of Equity

...Explain the reasons behind the creation of equity. What is it and how is it different from common law? What is the present relationship between common law and equity? Legal equity developed through Chancellors who originally acted as private aides to the King. Their task was to ensure that the common law, enforced in the King’s name, was applied with justice in individual cases. In this way, equity was a way of exercising a royal prerogative of mercy and ensuring that the King’s conscience was clear before God (Watt (2007) pg 3). Eventually, the Court of Chancery was formed, of which the Chancellor was head, and it was here that equity developed as a branch of law distinct from the common law. It has been said that in the fourteenth...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Cloning Challenges Concepts of Societal Norms

This results in the creation of embryonic growth of another organism that contains the complete genetic code of the original organism. Through this process, the cloning of mammals has resulted in, to date, hundreds of cloned organisms born.
Those who oppose human cloning argue that this unnatural style of reproduction has an overwhelming potential for decisions being made based on reasons of vanity in regard to children. Their concern is that the very nature of the traditional family is in danger of evolving in a strange, unknown and undesirable direction. Advocates of cloning practices say that it may, among other things, serve society as an effective alternative treatment for infertility. The cloning of animals has stirred...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Concepts of Fortune and Virtue in the Machiavellis Prince

... of princes.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 25 (1) (1995), pp. 33-55. Laine, Timo. “The concept of virtue in Machiavelli”. 19 November, 2008. 17 March, 2009 Macchiavelli, Niccolò. The Prince, ed. Quentin Skinner and Russell Price, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. Merrilee, H. Salmon. “Machiavellis The Prince”. Landmarks in Critical Thinking Series, 17 March, 2009 Nederman, Cary. “Niccolò Machiavelli”. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 13 September 2005 Influence of the “Ascent of Mount Ventoux” on Petrarch’s Literary Career Introduction...
10 Pages (2500 words) Book Report/Review

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Evaluation of the Role of Human Networks in Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Sharing Within Patni

The extensive literature review has been undertaken to justify the actions of Patni and to appreciate its initiatives that enhance employee participation. The steps taken by this Indian IT giant in institutionalizing organizational learning have been discussed largely from the perspective of human resource management and it has also been discussed as to how knowledge generation takes place within the organization.

This report will aim at critically evaluating the role of human networks in knowledge creation and knowledge sharing within Patni Computer Systems Ltd. (Patni). For this purpose, an extensive literature review will be undertaken and various theories pertaining to human resource management will be made use of....
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

Of What Use Are Management Ideas and Concepts in the Practice of Management

All human activities and goals are achieved by following a certain path and procedure. These procedures and ways are important for the accomplishment of all tasks either domestic or official. The management of time, finance and other resources are important to successfully accomplish the tasks. Hence, the burden of success rests with the management techniques which incorporate proper utilization of all resources including financial and nonfinancial resources. One of the basic concepts in today’s environment is teamwork or group work. The coordination between the group members is also an important factor when it comes to the efficient and effective achievement of group goals. The task of a manager is to direct the group membe...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Compare and/or contrast Taosim and Confucianism and Shintoism concerning their concepts of the Creation of materialization of the Universe for FREE!

Contact Us