Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Political Ethics - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
One big difference between the ethics of African societies, and that of Western Industrial nations, is there is less reliance on formal written laws, with all the…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.5% of users find it useful
Political Ethics
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Political Ethics"

Political Ethics (Chapter 7 Summary) This chapter occurs in the middle section of a book which places a great deal of emphasis on African ethics. One big difference between the ethics of African societies, and that of Western Industrial nations, is there is less reliance on formal written laws, with all the structures of courts and prisons, and much more reliance on the ability of groups to regulate their own affairs on a case by case basis, involving the elders of a group talking things over and weighing up issues. This is a very important distinction, because it elevates certain individuals to a position of responsibility within the community, and requires them to hold in their memories all the values and traditions of the group. Elders, usually male and heads of households, have religious authority, as well as powers to decide on aspects of community life. In the case of chiefs and regional or national leaders, there is a mixing of political, religious and moral authority which makes them very powerful indeed, and able to influence the life of those underneath them for good or for evil.
Culture, laws and history are traditionally preserved through oral means, which entails a lot of reciting of material, and listening, as well as ritual performances of various kinds which serve to remind those present of essential underlying principles which are used to pass judgement on particular cases. Another major difference between Western and African ways is that societal groups in Africa are usually very much smaller scale, so people actually know those who are leaders, and have some sort of relationship through kinship with them. Hereditary social structures create bonds which last over generations, and ensure a certain stability in society. Ancestor worship is an extension of the strong ties that exists within and between clans and tribes in the present time. The whole system is hierarchical, with each layer courting the approval of the one above, from the king or chief at the top right down to the family unit where the child is subordinate to the father.
The main values of African societies are “good company, dignity, display, decency and wisdom,” (Magesa, 1997, p. 258) and these are embodied in the leaders in a system that the author calls “relative gerontocracy” (Magesa, 1997, p. 265) Conflict resolution is done in a consultative way, with several people sitting in judgement, and an audience listening to complaints and defences. By making the preserving of human life the main point of moral behavior, Magesa argues that African societies emphasize making amends, with a view to reconciliation rather than punishment and any abstract sense of justice. The presence of wars and raids on the property of neighbouring groups can be justified in terms of the preservation of the wellbeing of the group who is carrying out the proposed activity, or criticized in terms of those who suffer loss. (Magesa, 1997, pp. 271-272) If someone behaves badly there is also an expectation that this will invite supernatural intervention, and that person will suffer for his or her wrongdoing at some later date, unless the wrong is corrected beforehand. The chapter illustrates how religion, politics and ethics are intertwined in African societies, and how this further affects attitudes to property, which can be owned or shared in a community, according to certain rules which maintain the preservation of the group as a whole as being more important than the needs of the individual person.
Magesa, Laurenti. “Political Ethics” in African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1997, pp. 245-285. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Political Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1”, n.d.)
Political Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1. Retrieved from
(Political Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1)
Political Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1.
“Political Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Ethics of Political Campaigns: Gay Marriages

... Ethics of Political Campaigns: Gay Marriages Of all acts of humankind deemed by either law or moral principles as right or wrong, gay marriages still hang in the balance with no specific categorization. As a very sensitive issue facing the current American society, one is left to wonder the direction to take on such a matter that has evoked mixed reactions and different constitutional interpretations. Truth be told, every argument either for or against has its own sufficient backing in such a complex way that there is a necessity for each state to redefine its stand and interpretation within the context of the federal constitution. Nevertheless, the issue around gay marriages seemed to have been brooding over centuries, seeking to hatch...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Political Philosophy, Values, and Ethics

... P. O. Box 34256-1300, Miami, Florida. July 8, To, Denise Grimsley Florida Legislature, 402 South Monroe Street, Tallahassee, FL 32399-1300. Dear Sir, Re: Political Philosophy, Values and Ethics I am writing to give you insight on the current status of our nurses in the Florida State, how their duties have been mistaken for ages and how this should be rectified. In the past, nurses were considered to be the individuals who provide primary care to patients. However, as recent studies shown, the roles of nurses go way beyond the hospital set up. My study will address some of the issues tackled in the “Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements, Nursing's Social Policy Statement and Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Political science (political analysis)

... Political science (political analysis) Globalisation calls into question the adequacy of comparative politics and international relations as methods to understand the organization and exercise of power in social life. The growth of a global dimension of social relations can even cast doubt on the very project of political science and the academy's practice of disciplinary divisions more generally. Contemporary accelerated globalisation gives ample cause for a paradigm shift in social analysis toward what might be called 'world system studies'. That said entrenched intellectual traditions and institutional forces exert substantial resistance to such a change. In this paper we have taken two theoretical concepts to analyze globalisation...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Political Ethics

...Running Head PHASE 4 - DB ETHICS VS. POLITICS PHASE 4 - DB ETHICS VS. POLITICS Ethical behavior in politics is one of the crucial issues for both political leaders and electorate. Inclusion and political transformation frame a perspective with which we can understand many public and private initiatives that have sparked debate in our democratic society. It is unethical for political leaders to talk at random doing nothing to keep their promises. The aim of electoral campaigns is to select the best politicians who reflect ideas and values of society. In case a politician cheats his supporters is unethical because it violates the main rules and principles of democracy. Many political initiatives include national health care, public education...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Political science Political culture

... to how Miller has written the piece would demonstrate how the story could be classified not strictly as a news story owing to the biased reportage – one undertaken to advance the liberal view on the subject. Miller wrote and investigated an outline of the reasons why the religious arguments in opposing gay marriage are unfounded and unreasonable. The author’s involvement in the story underscores how this issue has divided American society, rousing the active political participation of stakeholders from both sides of the political spectrum in political debates and other initiatives so as to influence legislations in this area. The conservatives are rallying against gay marriage while the liberals are mustering its force to support...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Ethics/Free Will/Political

... Ethical Issues and Politics in Stem Cell Research Introduction In 2002, an article by Jeffrey Spike in the American Journal of Bioethics clearly expressed shock after President George W. Bush refused funding for stem cell research. The controversy could clearly be read in the argument that outlined that although stem cell research had the capacity to save lives, President Bush could have addressed ethical issues rather than basing his arguments on politics (Spike 45). The question that anyone might be prompted to ask is what if not saving life, should justify the development of stem cell research as ethical. Ethical issues have well been analyzed and understood in this age more than any other period in history. The works of prominent...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Ethics and International Politics - 'What, if any role ought scholars and practitioners of international politics envision for morality & justice in the international realm of the political

...Ethics and International Politics The role of scholars and practitioners of international politics in the international realm of ‘the political’ with regards to morality & justice The international political system has a structure that is a categorizing principle called anarchy. However, there are people who think that this principle is not organizing at all, but rather, a disorganizing one. In this case, this principle expresses the way in which the utmost ethical basics relate to one another. This is a relationship of anarchy and not hierarchy because the world is neither an ordered nor a law bound place. It is, however, an anarchic system, which means that its various components have to figure out ways in which they are going to co...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Ethics: Economic Justice and Political Theory

...My Preferred Political System My preferred political system is capitalism. This is the political system that best fits me because this is the political system I grew up with and accustomed to. As a political system, capitalism is based on the individual rights and the primary of individuals to choose their own paths whatever that may be with little or no intervention from government. It is founded on the system of laissez-faire or freedom which provides us the latitude to do and aspire whatever we want as long as we do not transgress the rights of anyone or break any laws. It is based on free market and private ownership that allows me to buy and own anything that I can afford. Above all, capitalism adopts democracy and places...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

New York State Public Officers Law Code of Ethics and the American Political Science Association

...Accountability Accountability refers to the process of answering to high authorities, at different levels. The code of ethics is a frame of principles which should be abided by when answering to people of higher authority or carrying out activities in different professional situations. This paper will analyze and compare the New York State Public Officers Law Code of Ethics and the American Political Science Association. In addition, the paper will analyze the accountability in both these associations. The two codes control the acts of people who are regulated or subject to these principles. They both set a level of standards for their subjects which they are required to conform and abide by in the accountability administration. The two...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Sample Exam Solution in IT and Ethics

...PART A Question a) Why is it important for an organization to have a of ethics? of ethics provides an essential channel to carry out day-to-day decision making at organizational work. It explains the foundation of your organization, its aims, standards and mainly helping your employees recognize how these foundations interpret into day to day decisions, behaviors and dealings. Some people may think that codes of ethics are proposed to bound one’s actions, the most excellent codes of ethics are in fact structured to liberate and authorizes people to create additional efficient judgments with greater self-confidence. An organization uses efficient code of ethics for many purposes: although two important ones are: A code of ethics should 1...
13 Pages (3250 words) Assignment

Business Ethics in the Case of Timberland-City Year

The purpose of this study is to focus on the ethical considerations and dilemmas faced by the organization Timberland in terms of its coalition to City-Year and the steps that are taken and should be taken for the solution of those ethical issues.

In the merger of the two organizations, Timberland and City Year, there are many ethical considerations. To develop legal business relationships between Timberland and City Year and to consider the stipulations of the required business laws, the following ethical considerations should be deemed:
  • None of City Year’s earnings should be incurred to any private shareholder or an individual.
  • City Year cannot participate in any political campaign or...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

Ethics in the Manufacturing Environment

An ethical scenario arose during my first six months in this management role involving a 21-year-old employee who I witnessed smoking pot in the parking lot over lunch break. This scenario demanded that I consider the needs of the employee, as well as satisfying my obligations for enforcing the strict drug use policy administered at the senior levels of the company. This project describes the ethical scenario in detail, offering personal reflections on the incident as well as suggesting an ethical framework for handling situations like this in the future.
The situation which occurred had a young worker smoking pot on his lunch break on the company grounds. This, according to policy, is a termination offense and it is expected...
7 Pages (1750 words) Case Study

Conflict Between Researh and Ethics on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study

...Opinion paper The Declaration of Helsinki by the WHO clearly s that in clinical trials involving humans the wellbeing of the should be of prime importance than the interest of science or society. This has been stated because at times in order to achieve the objectives of a study the investigators might overlook the welfare of the trial subjects thus jeopardizing their health in the process. According to ethical rules while comparing two treatment options the control group of the study must receive the best known treatment available while the study subjects are given a potential newer treatment. Only when there is no effective treatment available a placebo-controlled group can be used for the study. There have been several trials which have...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

American Political Communications

...Political communication: Today, voters no longer make decisions based only on personal opinion but view most issues through the eyes and ears of the media. Most options arise from interpretation of the symbols obtained from mass media. Political advertising is a prominent media for reaching voters. Political advertisements aim at increasing issue knowledge, influencing perceptions of the candidate’s character, altering attitudes and affecting candidate preference. In most political advertisements, politicians essentially promote themselves, their thoughts, beliefs, values, image and political propaganda. These advertisements can have a rather persuasive influence on voters. Political ads can convey both positive and negative feelings...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Dengs Political Reforms

Furthermore, the common people were allowed to scribble their thoughts about the incumbent government on the famous Beijing Wall. That is why when Deng came to power he was welcomed by most of the people especially the students, but this reaction of the people was short-lived.
Although Deng did believe that political reform was needed for the sustainable growth of the economy, he made it very clear that these reforms could not in any way bring the western-style democracy in. (Gittings, 2006). China’s conservatives even believe that he defined ‘political reform’ in a very narrow manner. For him, political reform meant something that could help the government in keeping the economy stable and hence motivating...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

The 1846 Invasion into Mexico by the U. S.: The Political and Economic Forces that Brought about the Invasion

Some of the territories led to a war with Mexico from which the United States emerged victorious, expanding its territories and decisively establishing its dominance in North America.

President Andrew Jackson led an example of an administration that set the stage for the way in which James Polk would lead. In 1817, as a still yet military leader, Jackson led the United States into the first of three conflicts with the Seminole Indians from which the acquisition of Florida from Spain would be negotiated and finalized. The situation with Spain was tenuous and should have been dealt with in a diplomatic and cautious manner, but in 1817 President Monroe wrote a letter to General Jackson stating that “Great interests...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Professional Ethics: Chemically-impaired Nurse

The outcome of the issue shall then be presented, and then followed by a presentation of an alternative resolution of this issue. A substantive conclusion shall be drawn from this discussion and evaluation.

The chemically-impaired nurse is a nurse who has a substance-addiction problem. These substances include drugs and/or alcohol. These nurses usually have impaired functions because of their addiction to drugs or alcohol and their nursing practice is often compromised as a result of their addiction (Ellis & Hartley, 2004). A study conducted by Sullivan and colleagues in the 1980s revealed that substance addiction problems are about as great as the percentage for substance addiction in the general population (as cit...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

The Social, Cultural and Political Consequences of Globalization in KSA

Globalization is considered to be the interconnectedness developed by the increased flow of capital, goods, images, people and their ideologies among various nations. It is the result of the free-market policy of the world economy. It is characterized by the introduction of new technologies and considers humanity to be one social community where social and cultural differences do not exist. Philip Cerny has defined the term as a set of economic and political structures which is the outcome of change in characteristics of goods and assets constituting the economy.

Cultural and social globalization denotes the extensive movement of goods, technologies, ideas, images and people around the entire world which has been...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Business Ethics of Wal Mart Company

The lack of ethics is one that results in complications such as loss of customer loyalty, inability to continue to progress in society and legalities that can cause the business to become hindered when selling products or services.

A company that is taking shape in the global market is Wal – Mart a superstore that is known for low prices on a variety of products. Consumers that are familiar with Wal – Mart often attribute the products offered by this corporation as convenient, easy to use and at lower prices than other stores. However, there are also continuous questions of how the employees, suppliers, and customers are treated when looking at ethical considerations. One of the common problems that many ha...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

History, Political System, Culture Diversity and Business Ethics of France

... A Business Ethics Report about France Abstract France is a state in Western Europe with a population of approximately 60 million people, and its capital city is Paris. With so many countries bordering it, influence on the people’s culture and language was bound to happen. Over the years, this has brought about diversity in both, which has in turn influenced the business ethics of the people. France is one of the world’s top economic powers. This makes the thought of investing in France quite probable if one follows the set business policies and regulations. Furthermore, the large population offers both manpower and market. France being an economic power makes it a secure country in which to invest. It has a clearly set political system...
7 Pages (1750 words) Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Ethics for FREE!

Contact Us