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Analogy between Science and Religion - Literature review Example

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The paper “Analogy between Science and Religion” seeks to evaluate the basis for the dominance that science gained compared to religion. Theologians have tried to prove that religion was as scientific as science is. From this attempt, grew an effort to correlate scientific models with religious myths…
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Analogy between Science and Religion
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Download file to see previous pages The question of whether science or religion is more dependable for humans to go forward in life has been a million dollar question since the end of the middle ages. The truth of religion became a lesser truth, as science evaded the intellect of humans with a full-fledged armory of reason. From this crisis, emerged several attempts to prove that there is no contradiction between both. These attempts were both in the field of content as well as the methods of scientific investigation. One of the scholars who came in defense of religion was Alister McGrath (1999) who has argued that models and analogies are used by humans to describe complex entities (p.144) in a similar way in religion and science. These entities can be an atom or a molecule in science. They can also be a god in religion. Thinkers and scholars like McGrath since then have always tried to draw parallels between these two major schools of thought that exist in the human mind.
Natural sciences use certain models to describe some aspects of such a complex system. Primarily, a simple structure of the model is created and tested for accuracy and then it is developed to include hitherto ignored and more complicated features of a complex system. McGrath (1999) has cited the kinetic theory of gases as an example of such scientific models (p.145).
In science, when the pressure, volume, and temperature of gases were changed, the behavior of all gases was found to be according to certain laws irrespective of their chemical identity. Boyles’ law and Charles’ law were the major among these laws. Combining these two laws, a perfect gas equation was derived, according to which, gas particles are visualized as invisibly small balls which are in constant collision with the walls of the container. So the pressure on the walls can be calculated from the rate of change. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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