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Assignment 2: Application of a Moral Theory - Case Study Example

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Capital Punishment (p.193) Arguably, death penalty has been a controversial issue since its first introduction as critics argue that it is a violation of human rights, that is, the right to life. However, is currently practiced in a number of countries and states and the proponents argue that it prevents the criminals from having a chance to kill again…
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Assignment 2: Case Study Application of a Moral Theory
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Download file to see previous pages Still some people think it is a restoration of moral order because it is a form of revenge for taking life of another person. On the other hand, people who are against capital punishment argue that life is sacred given by God, and thus making the decision to take life of another person is not in human hands, and it is a wrong act. In addition, studies shows that state which practice death penalty do not have lower homicide rates; therefore, the argument is that it does not help in reducing crime; instead, it increases the prevalence of crime as it encourage use of violence. Finally, another argument in this case is that death penalty does not give the offenders a chance to appeal, which may enable them to prove their innocence (Thiroux and Krasemann 193). Nevertheless, America is one of the countries that practice death penalty despite the claim that it violates the provisions of the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution. It may be preferred as a punishment for capital crime, but death penalty does not take into account that the offender might be indeed innocent. Consequently, many offenders have been killed through death penalties only for evidence to come out later showing that they were innocent (Thiroux and Krasemann 193). Impliedly, most of the people put on the death row are African Americans or minority groups, whom mostly turn out to be innocent due to new DNA evidence. There are two sides to death penalty, that is, advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of death penalty are that it honors human dignity by regarding the defendant as a free moral character who chooses to control his/her own destiny whether for a good cause or a bad one. Another advantage is that it saves the tax payer money that might be used to keep the same offender in prison for life. Since the people who commit capital crimes are perceived to be always dangerous, capital punishment serves to ensure safety of prison guards and other personnel who come into contact with these violent prisoners (Kronenwetter 67). Another advantage of capital punishment is that the people who lost their loved ones get a chance for revenge, and as a result, this may make them have some peace and grieve for their loved one. Some people also claim that one of the advantages of death penalty is that it is better than life imprisonment, which is more futile and cruel. The disadvantages of capital punishment are that it is not a humane act as life is sacred and should not be taken by another individual. Another disadvantage is that it does not bring back the person who was killed, as well as life of the offender cannot equate the crime committed. The pain and method of capital punishment is subjective to the norms of the society, as in some it can be cruel while others it can be painless depending on the method used. Death penalty does not give prisoners enough chance and time to seek forgiveness that every individual is entitled to according to the Will of God. The act is also a disadvantage because it is a violation of human rights, and the acts leads to playing God because only He has the right to take life through natural ways (Bessler 156). There is no reduction in homicide rates or crime rates in places that practice capital punishment. Last but not least, death penalty is ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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