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Different Psychological Theories for a Better Grasp of Human Nature - Research Paper Example

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This essay discusses the psychological theories that explain the human mind and its function. The focus in this paper is to study various factors that affect the individual's behavior in a particular context and to explain his thoughts, emotions, and behavior…
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Different Psychological Theories for a Better Grasp of Human Nature
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Download file to see previous pages Cognitivism is the school of psychology which highlights significant idea in the topics such as learning styles, attention, memory, and forgetting and language acquisition. It studies mental processes like how people think, perceive, learns and recall ideas. Upon the above-discussed schools of thoughts, various psychological theories have been used to provide more ideas on the same. They are composed of the Behavioral theories, cognitive theories, developmental theories, humanist theories and the personality theories. They also involve all learning theories.
Behavioral theory is a psychological technique that combines philosophy, methodology and theoretical approaches to describing the behavior. John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner are the significant contributors to the development of these theories. The main influences of these ideas were identified by Ivan Pavlov, who investigated classical conditioning. His experiments examined that classical conditioning depends on stimulus which establishes reflexes and respondent behavior. Pavlov performed an experiment with dogs to interpreter classical conditioning. B. F. Skinner conducted a study on operant conditioning. Skinner investigated that change in behavior is as a result of antecedents and consequences. In these two experiments, the researchers proved that a specific stimulating factor may induce a particular, specific behavior. In the Skinner’s analysis, whenever the rats pressed on the lever, pigeons fell. The rat, therefore, learned how to associate the lever press with the falling of the pigeons. Other psychologists such as Thorndike and Guthrie contributed to the achievement of remarkable success in training animals to perform unexpected responses that emitted a large number of replies.
Pavlov also contributed to the development of behavioral theories by performing experiments with a dog. Whenever the bell rang, the dog used to salivate, and the dog received food.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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