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Examine the Personalistic and Naturalistic Approach in the History of Psychology - Coursework Example

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According to this position, progress and change are attributed to the determination and charisma of specific people who defined the course in which…
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Examine the Personalistic and Naturalistic Approach in the History of Psychology
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Download file to see previous pages Ideally, the personalist position implies that events would never have come to be without the occurrence of key proponents (Boring, 1950).
There are two forms of the personalist views: the great man as an emissary and the great man as an individual. According the great man as an emissary, humans act as envoys from the supernatural with instructions to perform specific tasks, for example prophets in the Bible scriptures. According to the great man as an individual, there is a concept of the self-made man which is acquired through influence, power and self-initiative (Boring, 1950). These attributes culminated from the environment in which an individual was raised and where they were born. Biographies are used to exemplify the historical achievements of individuals.
The naturalistic position on the other hand states that the times and environment make the person. It further suggests that unless other factors are open to the idea then the ideas of the proponent may be shunned. For example, had Charles Darwin died young, someone else would have developed his ideas since the intellectual climate at his time was ready to accept concepts on evolution. This position requires determinants which can be either psychological or physical. The physical form emphasizes the influences of the physical environment in defining human behavior and societal development (Boring, 1950). For example climatic and geographical determinants determine the development of societies through history.
The psychological form on the other hand relies on the lawfulness of human conduct and ideas. This implies that if all determinants are known, it is possible to postulate the development and deeds of a society by accessing the behavior of individuals that constitute the society. Consequently, history is the legally determined process of a society over a period of time and free will is regarded as a relic of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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