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Benefits and Drawbacks to Using Medications in Treating Psychological Disorders - Literature review Example

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The author states that minimal use of drugs should be made in psychological disorders which are subject to treatment by plain old psychotherapy; counseling and tested methods of expert psychotherapists. Counseling can work wonders in cases where guidance can propel a patient in the right direction…
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Benefits and Drawbacks to Using Medications in Treating Psychological Disorders
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Download file to see previous pages Psychological disorders can have a biological origin where the imbalance of hormones and other biochemicals in the body can precipitate them. In other cases, they could be purely the result of an emotional event or incidence which influences a person to react in an abnormal way. Such disorders are also dependant on and peculiar for different ages, sexes, and cultures. Certain psychological disorders are secondary to purely infectious or immunological disorders such as diseases involving the brain [Examples: Brain tumors, Epilepsy, cerebral malaria, neurological disorders like Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinsonism and some liver diseases causing hepatic encephalopathy (pathological changes in the brain)]. Such disorders definitely require medical interventions. Other disorders which are purely emotional can be treated by a trained psychotherapist, with or without the aid of drugs.
The benefits and drawbacks of treating psychological disorders with drugs have always been the subject of debate where proponents of both methods of therapy (pharmacotherapy & counseling) have supported their views in the long history of psychotherapy.
Plain psychotherapy without drugs has been classified by the Mayo Clinic (www.mayoclinic.com) on the basis of either ‘ changing the current behavior patterns’ of a patient or by ‘ understanding past issue’ in the patients’ history. The website lists the different approaches in psychotherapy as “Art Therapy, Behavior Therapy, Cognitive therapy, Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Exposure Therapy, Interpersonal Therapy, Play Therapy, Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, and Psychoeducation”. All these approaches are drug-free and involve counseling, understanding the reasons for abnormal behavior and applying known techniques by experts in order to help the patient to recover from the disturbed state of mind. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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