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Counselling Psychotherapy - Book Report/Review Example

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Introduction: After years of study, research and experience in the fields of psychology, psychiatry and education, Carl Rogers developed the theory of 'person-centred counselling as the way to achieve therapeutic personality change. Based on the importance of the role of the counsellor, the theory has contributed to the fields of psychotherapy, counselling, nursing, education and all areas in which health professionals seek to assist in the processes of mental health and well-being…
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Counselling Psychotherapy
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Download file to see previous pages Rogers' theory was that certain conditions were 'necessary and sufficient' to bring about successful change. They are:
Empathy: In simple terms, this means being able to understand the other person's feelings, behaviours, language, culture and so forth, as if the therapist were experiencing them. They should put themselves in that persons place, seeing the issues from their perspective, but not let their own feelings, experiences and so on interfere. Words, tone, body language, would be used to demonstrate the empathetic sharing. A good description of this is given in BACP Guidelines (2007):
In contrast, a MISS Foundation leaflet (n.d.) on helping when a child dies, quotes examples of total lack of empathy with 'words to avoid', like "Aren't you grateful you have two other children." So any situation in which one person seeks to ease another's pain would demand the use of empathy.
Congruence: This is about the therapist knowing and accepting him/herself, and about being open, authentic and genuine with the other person in the counselling or therapeutic relationship. ...
"Empathy: the ability to communicate understanding of another person's
experience from their perspective"
In contrast, a MISS Foundation leaflet (n.d.) on helping when a child dies, quotes examples of total lack of empathy with 'words to avoid', like "Aren't you grateful you have two other children." So any situation in which one person seeks to ease another's pain would demand the use of empathy.
Congruence: This is about the therapist knowing and accepting him/herself, and about being open, authentic and genuine with the other person in the counselling or therapeutic relationship. The therapist would be transparent to the person, so they are not deceived or surprised by any hidden agendas or false facades, the therapist would not pretend to be other than what he/she is. With congruence, there would be no attempts to create distance by using an
"air of authority or hidden knowledge, and the client does not have to speculate about what the therapist is 'really like'." (Mulhauser, 2003)
This concept can be linked to the 'therapeutic use of self', something taught and encouraged in the mental health nursing domain. (Perraud, Delaney, Carlson-Sabelli, Johnson, et al, 2006). Horrocks, (2005, p.6) stated his interpretation, which supports Rogers' 'congruence' as follows:
"The chief tool of the psychotherapist is his or her own personperhaps the most important quality is humility - a sense that the client is the real expert."
Being congruent is not always easy, as a therapist must not be tempted to offer advice, or cover up their reactions.
Unconditional Positive Regard: This means there should be no 'ifs' or 'buts', conditions either inferred or laid down, that would prevent the therapist from accepting the person. In practice, this means caring, valuing ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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