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Child Development Psycholoy Analysis - Research Paper Example

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Child Development Psychology Analysis Jane Doe Some Psychology Class Professor Dumbledore ABSTRACT General patterns of development occur along multiple lines: physical, cognitive, intellectual and social. We tend to chart development for each of these lines along milestones, i.e…
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Child Development Psycholoy Analysis
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Download file to see previous pages Although children progress along the lines of development together, the often may not. Thus, a child may match the milestones of cognitive development but show slower growth in the social areas. In attempting to define these, this paper will highlight a few small examples in early childhood and adolescent behavior piecing together the normal and a few examples of abnormal behavior. Infancy to age 2 Recent research has changed our past assumptions about the capabilities of infants. We know that there are evidences at birth of complex interactions with the parent or caregiver. (Papalia, 2006) Reaching and grasping, the ability to imitate facial expressions like a parents smile, and attachment behaviors such as crying and clinging are all evidenced at birth. The sense of smell, sight and sound are used in formulating this properties and are within normal ranges according to the standard baseline used by most international psychological associations. (Carducci, 2009) Newborns have specific innate preferences for large, shiny objects with lots of contrast, moving objects like mobiles hovering over their heads, curves versus lines, complex versus simple lines, and even show evidence of a preference for facial stimuli. (Papalia, 2006) A neonates demonstration of defensive movements if an object looms toward his or her face suggests the ability to perceive a three-dimensional world. (Cole, 2004) Factors that can influence this development can be varied. The economic and social structures in place for a child's development can help or hinder these developmental milestones and lead to delayed psycho-motor development, depression, and withdrawl from social interactions. While these can be remedied, they still pose problems in reaching motor skills milestones, cognitive development, and much more. In the famous Harlow experiment where monkeys were used as subjects and later developed psychosis, the stunting of emotional development shows a large negative influence on infant growth and development. An infant or neonate, needs a close bonding with its mother or another human to complete its early development. This security according to Piaget, enables the child to assimilate into a larger social structure without fear of abandonment and isolation. (Carducci, 2009) Physical issues with development parallel the child's emotional, and cognitive development in that it shows appropriate activities and sets markers for tracking motor skills as well as the psychological aspects. In the first year of life, the child is orally fixated (Freudian theory), but its not due to any sexual interest, its due to simple exploration. Grasping, crawling, and curiosity are major signs for the child’s normative development. Absence of this or delay is not a major concern at this point, but the failure to walk by age 24 months or 30 months would be a definitive cause to explore testing for developmental abnormalities. Further, the developmental milestones up thru age 2 indicate creative and self-centered set of processes which display a sense of individuality. The adolescent uses these as well but to different ends, such as using the drivers license for a sense of individuality and accomplishment and freedom. The problem solving processes are unique to each age group, but they have distinct parallels. Table 1.0 shows the developmental milestones of a child from birth through to the second year of life. Age Physical Development Social Development Cognitive Development (Piaget) Language Development 1st ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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