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Effects of the Foster Care System on the Development of Youth - Research Paper Example

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Effects of the Foster Care System on the Development of Youth Instructor Date Introduction Foster care refers to a system where a minor or individual below the age of 18 is placed in a group home, public institution, or private owned home under the care of a person certified by the state to provide this care…
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Effects of the Foster Care System on the Development of Youth

Download file to see previous pages... The state or social services institution mandated by the state arrange the placement of the child. As a relief, the group home, institution or private home receive compensation for the expenses arising from the arrangement. The foster parent acts as the legal guardian of the minor and makes all decisions concerning the minor’s welfare. Youth development encompasses the youths’ sense of societal belonging, personal safety, spiritual grounding and the ability to build and nurture skills of socio economic value to both the youth and the society. These skills and competencies allow the individuals to be self reliant and lead productive lives. Youth development is therefore described as the steps or processes an individual takes from early childhood to adulthood. The journey involves the people, environment and circumstances around the youth. People can range from family, friends, community or acquaintances while the environment may relate to the physical conditions surrounding the individual and affecting the child’s livelihood, and mental and physical health. ...
According to Kalland and Pensola (2001), “The primary and often sole cause for foster care is the provision of a protective intervention for placement out of the youth’s customary home due to the risks the youth faces at his or her customary home” (p. 13). Foster care therefore seeks placement for youths away from the negative effects and risks prevalent at their homes through relocation and change in care givers. These risks include domestic violence, child abuse, acts of aggression both psychological and physical, inability of biological parents or guardians to meet basic human needs of the youth, desertion or death of the guardians. Hadfield and Preece (2008) note that, “Studies have shown that there is a high correlation between individuals raised in foster care and high rates of psychiatric and physical morbidity as compared to those who were raised at homes by their biological parents or family members” (p.171). Individuals who have been through foster care exhibit inability to trust tendencies which can lead to the breaking down of placements. In a particular study, adults who passed through foster care had double the rates of depression as the general population, and when compared to combat veterans, the same group was found to have higher rates of post traumatic stress disorder than the veterans. Furthermore, psychoanalysts credit foster care with a higher probability of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children. Also, children in foster care have higher than normal rates of deficits in executive functioning and anxiety. Developmental problems are a common occurrence and in adulthood these individuals experience higher frequencies of poverty, homelessness, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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