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Policy Paradox: the Art of Political Decision Making - Admission/Application Essay Example

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The essay “Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision Making” analyzes six steps that involve policy formulation, and enactment. The first step in policy formulation is the identification of the problem that the policy needs to solve. This stage involves analyzing the problem…
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Policy Paradox: the Art of Political Decision Making
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Download file to see previous pages ous challenges that policy makers face, and one of them is the finding a way of arriving at a consensus amongst policy makers and the various interest groups on the issue at hand.
Take for instance; policy makers identify an issue concerning the increase of crime in a given area. The issue here is how to minimize the levels of crime in the area, and to do this, policy makers must put into consideration the various interests of the population before developing a policy. They would have to consult widely with the population, and find consensus on how best to develop help them in ensuring they are fully secured (Stone, 2012). People might come up with different suggestions, such as employing more police officers, increasing patrols, or initiating community policing techniques. The dilemma amongst policy makers would be to find a solution that will best reflect the interests of the community.
The second stage of agenda setting determines whether the government will accept the problem identified as an issue or not. In policy formulation, a problem refers to the needs that people have, and they require government intervention to solve such needs, while an issue is when such a need is taken into consideration by the government so that it can initiate a policy out of it. For instance, before the assassination of John F. Kennedy in 1961, guns were easily available, and it became a problem to the American citizens. However, after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the government sought to control guns, and this became an issue. This stage requires a lot of political will, as it involves a political process. Lack of a political will at this stage can result to the neglect of the problem in question, therefore frustrating this stage of policy formulation. However, institutions such as the media can play a role in influencing the government to take up the problem as an issue. The media does this by mobilizing the masses into criticizing the government and politicians for ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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