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Modern Democracy as a Form of Government - Term Paper Example

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"Modern Democracy as a Form of Government" paper answers the question of whether modern democracy is the best form of government. This question is relevant to many politicians. To make the best conclusion the author studies what is democracy in itself and where this term comes from…
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Modern Democracy as a Form of Government
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Download file to see previous pages There are some meanings of the term “democracy”. As is well known, “democracy” is taken from а Greek word which means "government of the people, by the people and for the people." “demos” means people, and “Kratos” means government. This is the meaning of the word (the nominal definition), but the concept to which the word corresponds (the real definition), has been evaluated or developed through history (De Torre, 1997).

The term "democracy" has been claimed by both the capitalist world and the socialist world. To take for example the former East Germany that called itself the German Democratic Republic and Viet Nam likewise. The first Russian Marxist party that was set up by Lenin in exile, in preparation for the revolution against the czarist regime, had the name of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party. Later it changed its name to the Russian Communist Party, and after the split of 1903 with Plekhanov, to Bolshevik Party.

Lenin insisted that real democracy would come only through the great revolution, which leads to the State socialism of the "dictatorship of the proletariat, and finally to the classless communist society. He blamed "bourgeois democracies" of being false democracies, in which parliament seats were systematically bought by the richest bidder, thus perpetuating the status quo of the propertied class-a statement which, incidentally, is an unwarranted generalization.

So we can see that even the communists have employed the terms "democracy" and "republic" with an obviously different meaning as compared to their Western usage. In order to clear up the meaning of the concepts, it is necessary to have a look at their historical development ever since the origin of the terms in ancient Greece and Rome. (De Torre, 1997).

The word "democracy" is of Greek origin, "republic" is а Latin word which means "the public thing": res publiса. The concept, however, is taken from the Greek polis, which means а group of men living and working together, and politeia, which means that this group gathered into а "public thing" or commonwealth or commonweal by means of laws guiding towards the common good.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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