The aim of the paper “Democratic mechanisms and political risks to waging war” is to examine the relation between military organization and the civilian environment, which can be shaped in different ways. In the contemporary society, military-dominated political systems are rare…
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“The relation between military organization and the civilian environment can be shaped in different ways: in some countries, the civilians are executing firm oversight over the armed forces, whereas in some other countries the military can perform its duties regarding national security in its own, autonomous way, if not even in the way where the military imposes its principles of governance over the citizens. In the contemporary society, the last, i.e. military-dominated political systems are rare”(Jelusic,2007). But at the same time, Shultz (1999) points out that within democratic mechanisms, the political leaders tend to face higher political cost to waging war and therefore the threat to war is often resisted by the target nation. Indeed, the wider ramifications of threats by democratic state are less likely to be taken seriously by rogue nations than by threats from non-democratic states. However, history is witness to the fact that this is not always true. Moreover, according to Jelusic the idea more common are civilian-dominated political systems, in which civilian political leaders control the military in very authoritative way, or where the whole civilian environment through the channels of the democratic control over the military imposes the tasks, the execution of tasks and respect for democracy in the inner-military organizational structures. America’s war against Iraq was fought not for political leverage but for personal gain vis-à-vis access to the vast resources of oil and gas (Habermas, 2006). The democratic constraints and reasons for waging war have therefore become increasingly contentious issues that need to be looked from the wider perspectives of emerging new equations of political economy that has redistributed wealth and created new power structure. Globalization has brought huge changes not only in the economic circles, but also in the political circles.
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(Democratic Mechanisms and Political Risks to Waging War Essay - 1)
“Democratic Mechanisms and Political Risks to Waging War Essay - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1609197-when-do-democratic-mechanisms-increase-political-risks-to-waging-war.
It was only after the World War II that Columbia expanded her foreign policy and became active generally among small powers and several Latin American states in particular (“Foreign Relations”). Colombia has been among the biggest exporters of cocaine over the past decades.
It rings equally true for both policymakers who disregard the very concept of ‘theory’ in the real world of politics and those practitioners who conduct foreign policy, more often than not dismissing – whether with good reason or not - the academic theorists as a whole
When do democratic mechanisms increase political risks to waging war?
Democratic process is multi-dimensional in its scope and is inherently linked to the wider expectations and collective will of the masses. Democratic states are therefore constrained by their political and constitutional paradigms to evolve ways for peaceful resolution of conflicts.
, and had adopted a federal structure with six chambers.2 With the VOC strategically being formed as a way for the Dutch to suppress competing European activities through privateering, a serious competition for a stake in the lucrative East and West Indies trade routes was building up.
In order to keep the predicaments at bay, efficient resolutions and strategies that may generate results in spite of low motivation, capacities and methodologies. Strategies used by the United States have in the past presented challenges in their implementation, as well as in bringing about the desired results.
Also, nations with nondemocratic political systems have been shown to have more social inequities and human rights abuses and more likely to be involved in conflicts making it as unlikely choice for a political system.
The impression that many people have regarding democratic governments is that they are more diplomatic and therefore less prone to wage war.
Data was collected from the primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources used were history books and the works of Milton and Marvell, while secondary sources were the works of critics and scholars of history and literature.
It is because this philosophy holds that war is a political tool of the state. It was an idea by the brilliant Prussian military theorist Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) whose works permeated in American military school.
In her argument, Gladys fails to define the key term that is a democracy and what it stands for in the war. This creates a flaw in her premises that leads to her conclusion. This creates ambiguity for the reader since one cannot relate the key term with the premises in her argument that weak generals were chosen to engage in the war.
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