The paper describes such term as "violence" and "terrorism" and combines them. Violence is perhaps a word synonymous to terrorism because this is the feature of an act that should be present for it to be called so. It is probably the sole means of attaining the goal of instilling fear in the targeted group/s of people that is why it is an important part in the definition of the word.
Another essential aspect of terrorism is the doers of the action who are specified to be sub-national groups or clandestine state agents. Terrorism often demands the involvement of high powered weapons which are not easily accessible. Therefore, terrorists often come in groups with members who are quite skilled in weapon-making for them to be able to produce their own ammunitions for the accomplishment of their plans. If there are perpetrators, there are victims and often, they are the non-combatant civilians. This aspect makes them unsuspecting but vulnerable so that they become easy targets. In addition, the majority of citizens are non-combatant and to the terrorist, the more the victims are, the stronger they are able to send their serious messages to the people concerned. In this feature, it is seen that the violence is not really intended for the victims but for the people who have the power to act on their grievances like politicians or armed soldiers. The inclusion and consideration of these important aspects of terrorism make this definition complete and strong. The Air Force claims that terrorism