The Industrial Revolution or the application of power-driven machinery to manufacturing began in remote times. But ever since the beginning of agriculture some eight to ten thousand years ago, the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century Europe was the most influential transformation of human culture…
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Though it is hard to pinpoint, but most historians agree that the Industrialization basically originated in England with a series of social and technological innovations. But the oldest disagreement among historians is how the ordinary people were affected by it. While Landes (1987), seems to approve of the Industrial Revolution by stressing its positive consequences; such as the increased political equality and improvement in the material conditions. It was between 1760 and 1860, that the progress in technology and education; and an increasing capital stock; transformed England and the rest of Western Europe into the workshop of the world. This essay will try to look into the different factors that contributed towards Western Europe to industrialize first, in comparison to the rest of the world.
The industrial revolution was driven not only by technology but also by profound social changes. Europe rapidly moved from primarily a rural and agricultural economy to an urban and capitalist economy and from a household, family based economy to an industry based economy. This required the need to rethink social obligations and the structure of the family. Abandoning the family economy was the most dramatic change the Western Europe had ever undergone, and Europeans still seem to be struggling with these changes. By the middle of the eighteenth century, the European economy had become a global economy. The Western European, manufacture and trade stretched to every continent except Antarctica. Why the other nations did not initially join this revolution is based on multiple factors.
Causes of Occurrence in Western Europe
A question that really interests economic historians is that why did the eighteenth century industrial revolution start in Europe rather than in any other part of the world, like France and China or India. Though numerous factors like ecology, government and culture have been suggested but some historian argue that as China and Europe were similar in the 1700s, the crucial difference which resulted in the Industrial Revolution in Europe were the sources of coal and other raw material near the manufacturing centers.
This enabled the ordinary people to find increased employment opportunities in the new factories and mills (Hartwell, 1971). Moreover, it also allowed Europe to economically expand in a way China could not. Though some 20th century historians argue that the process of social and economic change took place gradually, therefore, the term revolution is not a true description of what took place (Berg & Hudson, 1992).
Climatic and Geographical Factors
The geographical factor has played a vital role in Western European industrialization. The countries situated in tropical and semi-tropical zones like China and India, have a severe handicap because of the climatic and weather patterns of these areas. Hot climates are mainly responsible for the spread of viral and other incapacitating diseases (Landes, 1998). Moreover, these areas are either dominated by deserts or the weather there is such, that it suffers from drought or torrential downpours that are detrimental for farming. To completely overcome these natural handicaps is undoubtedly a major problem which drains a lot of government resources.
Europe on the other hand
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(“Industrial Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
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(Industrial Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Industrial Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1531231-industrial-revolution-essay.
It is almost impossible to imagine what the world would be like if the effects of the Industrial Revolution were swept away”. However, the industrial revolution engulfing the whole societies of the world is not an appealing idea as this process can bring about huge disaster to the planet and its natural resources.” Industrial revolution has brought about immense change in the lifestyle of people as steam engine replaced the wind, water and animal and manpower as main source.
Student’s Name Professor’s Name Subject 27 Sep. 2012 Impact of Industrial Revolution on American Society Though the first industrial revolution has transformed the world from an agrarian economy to a modern, technological and industrial society, and most of this development changed human life for the betterment, there exists no scientific base for these changes.
Because of this limited resources, Japan had to rely on other means to make her advance economically. Industrial revolution provided the right ingredient that would spur the country to greater economic heights, which would later on introduce the country as one among the 21st century’s industrialized counties.
Background: Unlike any other revolution in the history of world, this particular revolution was not bloody in its outlook. It did not result in life loss neither did it cause any upheaval, rather it gave a new outlook to the world, made the events more progressive, changed the life styles, living patterns, working procedures and many other elements on individual and collective level.
The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America, eventually affecting the rest of the world. Science affected the way we live, largely through technology, i.e., the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.
Engines and machines, which are the products of science, revolutionized the idea of progress.
The most significant and lasting changes were the large-scale introduction of women into the labor force and the centralization of labor which made labor unions and worker rights a reality. The entire world, in terms of access to employment and worker rights, continues to benefit from these changes even today.
ates this period is generally agreed to have begun at the time of the Civil War (1861-1865).” (Business Dictionary) the main phase of the revolution was that a great change was brought about in the field of technology which involved new techniques in the use of machinery.
Factories came up during this period and mass production began. The steam engine, the textile and iron industries were vital in bringing change during this period. The fields of banking, transportation and
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