Nobody downloaded yet

Oslo Peace Initiative - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In order to understand the failure of the Oslo Peace Accord (1993) between Israel and Palestine, it is imperative to know a brief background of history immediately preceding the peace initiative. This essay shall provide a brief history and then analyze the reasons for the failure of the peace process.
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
Oslo Peace Initiative
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Oslo Peace Initiative"

Download file to see previous pages For the Palestinians, the peace agreement of Israel with Egypt served to increase their desperation. This led to the intensification of struggle by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) under Yassir Arafat.
Though the United States entered the scene and made it a personal agenda to restore peace in the Middle East, only limited progress was made in the 1978 Camp David negotiations because of mutual distrust and suspicion between the two parties. Even though this eventually brought about the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty, dissatisfaction and stalemate in the situation led to the First Intifadaor the Arab Revolt in 1987-91 in Gaza Strip and West Bank. There was change in leadership in Israel and Yitzhak reversed his nation's stand and tried to negotiate with the PLO and participated in the secret talks in Oslo, Norway (MERIP 2006:3); as the result Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles, was signed in Washington in September 1993, which is otherwise known as the Oslo Accord. Through this PLO recognized Israel and Israel the authority of PLO. It is clear from the above that, suspicion and mistrust ruled high here from the beginning.
The main issue of contention was not one of religion, but more an issue of home-land. The Palestinians needed more areas for their large population, who had lost their homes during the wars and were living as refugees elsewhere. In one estimate their numbers were close to three million (MERIP 2006: 6). The entitlement status to be given to the Palestinians and the treatment of Israeli settlements (Israel evacuated all Israelites from the West Bank and Gaza Strip over the next few years) were other significantly unresolved issues that led to frustration. Rights to the Jordan River waters, on which was another important reason for animosity. Finally, Jerusalem with its historical places of worship was also a point of dispute, with both sides refusing to give up claim (Mideastweb 2006:1). While the Israelites consider Jerusalem as their "eternal capital" ((MERIP 2006:8), Arabs also want it as their capital because of its association with Prophet Mohammed.
According to some, in first place the agreement itself was "deeply flawed" because it did not find many takers in the Arab nations (MERIP 2006:3). Importantly, the accord did not find support amongst the radical Islamist leaders in the two strategic places of Gaza Strip and West Bank. The infighting in the Palestinian camp, spurts of violence of the HAMAS and Jihad, ensured that the Oslo Peace Initiative was hardly allowed a chance. Israel did not want to allow the return of Palestinian refugees because it would undermine their majority status and reduce their population. In a nutshell, after the Oslo Peace Accord
More than seven years have gone by and Israel has security and administrative control of 61.2% of the West Bank and about 20% of the Gaza Strip and security control over another 26.8% of the West Bank. This control is what has enabled Israel to double the number of settlers in 10 years..and to seal an entire nation into restricted areas, imprisoned in a network of bypass roads meant for Jews only...
(ifAmericansknew.com 2006)
Why is there conflict between the two peoples (now) still in 2007!
To a keen observer, it may be clear that there are no easy solutions to a problem of this ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Oslo Peace Initiative Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Oslo Peace Initiative Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/politics/1517570-oslo-peace-initiative
(Oslo Peace Initiative Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Oslo Peace Initiative Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/politics/1517570-oslo-peace-initiative.
“Oslo Peace Initiative Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1517570-oslo-peace-initiative.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Oslo Peace Initiative

Why did the Oslo Peace Process fail

...?Why Did the Oslo Peace Process Fail? Chapter 2: What was agreed at Oslo (1993-1995) The Oslo I Accord or simply Oslo I, which indicates the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements of the Declaration of Principles (DOP), set in 1993, was an attempt to establish a framework which would seek the end of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It marked the initial face-to-face agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The activities surrounding the agreement arose from the Madrid Conference of 1991, carried out in Oslo, Norway, supported by the Fafo institute and cleared on...
18 Pages(4500 words)Dissertation

Patient Safety - QSEN Initiative

...? Patient Safety – QSEN initiative Yolanda McQueen Cambridge Medical Institute Patient Safety – QSEN Initiative With the increase in world populationand the healthcare industry, quality deliverance in the industry has become increasingly vital since health and life are sensitive areas. Nursing is one important factor which impacts the recovery and will-power of patients. Thus, the background of the issue revolves the need for a framework of quality and safety in the current and future healthcare system by focusing on nurturing nurses through training, adequate knowledge and skill development. To enrich the quality of treatment given to patients, it was realized that nursing standards need to be raised and standardised. ‘Innovation... this...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Failure of Oslo Peace Process

...which Israel outnumbered Palestine on the land of Palestinians and the continued massacres resulted to continued war up-to-date. Israel over time has forcefully acquired private land in West Bank and taken control of Gaza where Palestinians have little control over their lives, are oppressed and discriminated. Oslo peace process begun as a clandestine negotiation in a house that was secluded and owned by Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1990 in the Oslo outskirts. The negotiation was to initiate peace process and even at the time of conducting the meeting it was done in secrecy since house occupants were informed that it was an academic working...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The history of Arab-Israeli conflict Was the Oslo peace agreement failure Why

.... The failure of Oslo agreement has also displayed itself through the following aspects: giving greater role to the real politics, than to the international law and human rights, it failed to adopt conditions, which are universal and are to be followed by all parties; it failed to reject the violence and actually imposed military means of influence on the side of the Israeli state; it failed to come down to the most serious issues, creating the agreement, which initially had not been perceived by Palestinians as the way to peace. The Oslo Accord failed to preserve the stated integrity of Gaza and the West Bank - while the negations were lasting till their break in 2001,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Oslo Agreement of 1993

...Running head: Outline the main provision of the Oslo Agreement of 1993 and evaluate critically the responses to it of the main actors in the Middle East Outline the main provision of the Oslo Agreement of 1993 and evaluate critically the responses to it of the main actors in the Middle East [The name of the writer appears here] [The name of institution appears here] Introduction Since the signing of the September 1993 Oslo agreement, the Israel- Palestine 'peace process' has been punctuated by a series of dramatic developments. (Finkelstein, 1996). The security environment in the Middle East has become increasingly complicated during the past...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Initiative Planning

...Running Head: INITIATIVE PLANNING Initiative Planning (Your School) INITIATIVE PLANNING Introduction The issue of health care planning has been one of the contentious issues in the history of the United States. Successful governments have come with policies that are likely to address the issue but there have been not success in coming up with a policy to address the issue. The insurance health scheme has been one of the most contentious issues in the health sector with the government fighting for the control of the sector with the private sector. The issue of health care has elicited a lot of debate in the State with many calling for the need to have government full control of the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Quality Initiative

...06 March 2007 Quality Initiative The global business arena has irrefutably evolved into a hypercompetitive environment characterized by the more intense competition, higher customer bargaining power, and strict quality compliance in individual firms. ZJZ Cosmetics copes with this trend through its quality initiative promoted as “Growth through Quality” maintaining the tagline Excellent Product + Quality = Future Growth. From its inception, the business organization has strived on upholding the quality of its various products. Within ZJZ Cosmetics, quality is defined as the characteristics of a product that bear its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. Thus, we stick with a very high standard of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Initiative

...Initiative for Regulate, Control and Tax Cannabis Act of The California Initiative that this paper would focus on is the initiative to legalize marijuana which is popularly known as the Regulate, Control and Tax Cannabis Act of 2010. According to a news report last May, the said initiative upon becoming a law would then allow individuals in California : “…who are at least 21 years old to possess up to one ounce of marijuana for personal use .Adults would also be able to grow up to 25 square feet of pot per residence or parcel” ( AOL News, 2010)”. The said initiative had qualified for last November ballots since it has gathered the required number of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Reasons of Oslo Peace Process Failure

...be attributed to a variety of reasons, most notably continued international pressure and the dramatic shift in policy during Rabin’s second term as Israeli Prime Minister (Mattar, 2005, p.66). However, both sides agreed a mutual recognition, series of measures to build trust and partnership in vital areas, including economic ones, as well as the establishment of Palestinian self-government in parts of Gaza strip and West bank (Selby, 2003; Mattar, 2005, p.66). Even though most observers considered the initial phases of Oslo Accord an unprecedented breakthrough, which was mainly due to the realised need and effort made by leaders from both sides to establish a long-lasting peace between...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Failed Initiative

...Association, peace and freedom party, American Federation state, County and Municipal Employees. This group did not directly oppose Proposition 1B but opposed Proposition 1A which would divert funds meant for them. Proposition 1B to go into effect Proposition 1A had to be passed also. This created high controversy in the special voting for the Proposition. Gubernatorial candidate of the Republican party Meg Whitman evened tapped his individual possessions to defeat the supporters. The Proposition 1B received both support and opposition while others supported it but opposed Proposition 1A that had to be put into the effect on the implementation of Proposition 1B. Specifically the nurse represented by the California...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Oslo Peace Initiative for FREE!

Contact Us