This article describes one of the major powers in the world economy, the United States of America, their efforts in establishing an organization – The Department of Homeland Security and a critical analysis of its structure and functioning…
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The United States Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet department under the federal Government of the U.S. The main tasks of this department are to protect the United States from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters. This department works in order to protect the state within, at and outside its borders. The goal of this department can be defined as “to prepare, prevent and respond to domestic emergencies, particularly terrorism”.It was in 2003 that the Department of Homeland Security assumed its duties and now it is running with over 200 000 employees, being the third largest cabinet department of the United States. The formation of this department by President Bush was a response act to the September 11th attacks in the United States. The mission of the office was stated as “to develop and coordinate the implementation of a Comprehensive national strategy to secure the United States from terrorist threats or attacks. The office will coordinate the executive branch’s efforts to detect, prepare for, prevent, protect against, respond to and recover from terrorist attacks within the United States”. As a first step to achieve their mission the department had come up with a color-coded terrorism risk advisory scale that provides “comprehensive information about the various risks to the federal, state and local authorities and to the people”. Actions will be intensified and protective measures strengthened if any area or department’s risk level rises...
As a first step to achieve their mission the department had come up with a color-coded terrorism risk advisory scale that provides "comprehensive information about the various risks to the federal, state and local authorities and to the people". Actions will be intensified and protective measures strengthened if any area or department's risk level rises. (Homeland Security) This is considered to be the largest Government reorganization since the U.S. Department of Defence was created. Any agency under the Department of Homeland Security will be housed in anyone of the four major directorates namely Border and Transportation security, Emergency of preparedness and response, Science and Technology and Information Analysis and Infrastructure protection. The Border and Transportation directorate includes representative agencies from Treasury, Justice, Transportation and Agriculture. The Emergency preparedness and response directorate brings together the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Strategic National Stockpile and the National Disaster Medical System (HHS), the Emergency, Justice and the National Domestic preparedness office. The scientific and technology directorate includes the CBRN Counter measures programs, Environmental Measurement Lab, National BW Defense Analysis center and Plum Island Animal disease center (for agriculture purpose). The Information and Infrastructure protection directorate includes the Federal Computer Incident Response Center, National Communications System, National Infrastructure Protection Center, Energy Security and Assurance program.
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The author insists that it is not only the responsibility of our government to maintain security but it is a shared responsibility of each American. The Federal government has partnered with government, the public and private sectors in communities across our country and other nations to strengthen the DHS’s infrastructure.
The author explains that the Homeland security was created in 2002 by the Department of Homeland Security Act (2002). Creation of the department brought together other 22 government agencies that were reorganized to become one department to oversee security matters within the USA territory.
The author states that the 9/11 incident exposed the country’s vulnerability to terrorism of whatever kind. Therefore, in response to the incident, the then president, George Walker Bush found it necessary to form an independent department responsible for safeguarding the country from terrorist threats.
Winning the war on terrorism is what DHS was made for. However, since its implementation in 2002, there are yet various concerns and issues that rise above this particular government policy. The government's approach in its initial set-up, the planning process, as well as its enactment and implementation seemed too vague and unsystematic.
The author states that unlike the Department of Defense, which tends to military actions overseas, the Department of Homeland Security focuses on the safety of United States civilians within, at, and outside of the country. The goal is to keep America as safe as possible, and to be prepared to defend it at a second’s notice.
The author states that the U.S Department of Homeland Security has a wide jurisdiction that includes immigration enforcement, cyber security, countering terrorism, emergency response to all disasters, and custom issues. The U.S federal government formed the U.S Department of Homeland Security to respond to the September 11 terrorist attacks.
Rumors persist that many government officials continue to consider taking a critical, second look at the organizational composition of DHS. Does the DHS organization need a significant "redo." One of the goals for creating DHS was to improve the overall security/safety of the US critical infrastructure.
The author states that the core activities through which the organization achieves its aims is by preventing acts of terrorism and increasing the security of the nation, keeping the borders in check, enforcing various laws regarding the issue of immigration, safeguarding the space that is cyber in nature.
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