The Constitution of the United Kingdom is an example of an uncodified constitution. It consists of written and unwritten sources and has no single written fundamental document. In other words, it means that there is no technical difference between ordinary statutes and laws considered as constitutional laws…
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Kingdom is consequently a nation under Parliamentary sovereignty because the entire sovereignty belongs to the Parliament. There is no entrenchment in the British constitution – meaning that there is no need of a supermajority or a referendum to pass some amendments – which can cause some minorities to suffer from majoritarianism. This absence of a central written constitution may lead to believe that the United Kingdom has no formal constitution. It is true the British Constitution is often referred to as unwritten but it relies and incorporates many written sources such as the Magna Carta, the Habeas Corpus Act in 1679, the Bill of Rights in 1689, the Act of Settlement in 1701, the Act of Union in 1707, joining England and Scotland to form Great Britain, the Act of Union in 1800, joining Great Britain and Ireland to form United Kingdom, the Statute of Westminster in 1931, the Peerage Act in 1963, the European communities Act in 1972, being the key documents and conventions among many others. Therefore, the United Kingdom constitution is seen as a collection of Acts of Parliament, decrees, conventions, traditions and royal prerogatives. However even if some accept it as an unwritten constitution, some go as far as saying that in the absence of a written constitution, Britain has no constitution....
Throughout the world we can see two types of constitutions: the codified and the uncodified ones. In a codified constitution, the articles describe a higher form of law, that is to say laws to which all other laws must conform and in consequence elected assemblies can not pass all the laws they wish. The codified constitutions are usually entrenched which means that they can only be changed or amended according to special procedures. In the political systems of codified constitutions, judges have the key role to interpret and apply the constitution, they have the power, for example, to decide that some rules which were passed by elected assemblies are unconstitutional - not in following the principles set of rules of the constitution. The codified constitution is also a tool to understand the powers of the different institutions that characterize a government and the relationship between them. Finally, they represent timeless principles. A Bill of Rights for instance, defines the liberty to practice one religion, the right to a fair trial or the freedom of speech. 5
However, United Kingdom does not have such a codified document, its unwritten constitution and therefore the fundamental rules are embodied in major statutes, precedents and legal decisions. It is consequently said that codified constitutions are more rigid than uncodified ones. Flexible constitutions are more reactive and adapt more rapidly to changing conditions. It is the usual characteristic of an uncodified constitution. However, United Kingdom's example is not as clear as this principle. The adaptation to the changing conditions is not easily seen in the United Kingdom. Even though
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(“Britain Unwritten Constitution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
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(Britain Unwritten Constitution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Britain Unwritten Constitution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1516296-britain-unwritten-constitution.
Even in the case the country moves towards adopting a written constitution, there is an internal debate that what should be the nature of such an arrangement. A highly detailed and lengthy codified constitution may solve several legal issues, but it cannot fully reflect the people’s aspirations.
Criminal Profiling Name Institution 1. Analyze the role of geography in the profiling process. Explain some of the general principles of geographic profiling and crime scene assessment. Geographical location can be of uttermost importance when it comes to profiling of various crimes (Turkey, 2011).
Thomas Paine said:
“[A] constitution is not the act of a government, but of a people constituting a government, and a government without a constitution is power without right….a constitution is a thing antecedent to a government; and a government is only the creature of a constitution”.
Thus the British constitution can be contrasted with other constitutions like the Constitution of the United States of America. (Barendt, 1997) Brazier (2001) has for instance stated that:
"A British citizen has to seek the rules of the constitution in a daunting number of places - legislation, judicial decisions, statements about constitutional conventions, the law and practice of Parliament, European Community law, and so on." (p.3)
Almost all modern States have written constitutions, the only exception being the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland where the fundamental political principles and institutions are not to be found in any formally accepted document or documents.
Such is, for instance, the Constitution of the Indian Republic. Almost all modern States have written constitutions, the only exception being the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland where the fundamental political principles and institutions are not to be found in any formally accepted document or documents.
The British constitution is the set of governing laws and principles in the United Kingdom. This constitution is unlike many of those found in modern day states. It is not a written or codified constitution; it
The author states that the important feature of the British constitution is that it has no written constitution, which lends flexibility and discretion to the judiciary in taking decisions. Parliamentary sovereignty is the main feature of British constitution. Though the constitution is unwritten in one single document, it is not entirely unwritten.
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