Policy Change - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the realm of policy-making, a number of scholars1 in recent years have re-opened the doors towards understanding the role of ideas in policy change. Building upon the inadequacies of rational choice and institutional approaches, these theories emphasise that ideas play an important role in contributing to policy change…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Policy Change
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Policy Change"

Download file to see previous pages Thus, this essay will argue that ideas affect policy change only indirectly, as paradigms frames and determinants of interest, such that its importance in understanding policy change is only secondary to other approaches.
To better understand the importance of a study of ideas in policy change, it is first necessary to understand what ideas are. Ideas are shared beliefs held by individuals. However, a distinction must be made between two categories of shared beliefs, particularly "consensual beliefs" and "economic ideas", where although not mutually exclusive differ in their relation to policy. As Jacobsen explains, the difference lies between those of "means" to "ends", where consensual beliefs "shape the legitimate ends of economic activity"; economic ideas are the means to reach these ends. 3 Taking this definition of ideas, the importance of a study of ideas in policy change can be summarised in their roles as paradigms, roadmaps, or ideational frames.
Comparing policy change to scientific revolutions, Hall (1989) places emphasis on the role of ideas through "policy paradigms", or "roadmaps" as Goldstein and Keohane (1993) calls them, where ideas guide policies by determining the "tracks" of policymaking and setting constraints in the policy process4. As Hall argues, policy paradigms, determine policy change in acting as "a framework that specifies the goals of policy and the kind of instruments that can be used to attain them", as well as the "nature of the problems they are meant to be addressing."5 Campbell's (1998) and Beland's (2005) ideational frames or programmes also echoes Hall's concept of paradigms, varying only in the manner that ideas are presented and implemented in the policy process. Within this strand of literature, the failures of policies to achieve economic goals are seen as the impetus for policymakers to search for alternative ideas that pave the way for new policy paradigms to be accepted. Hence, in times of uncertainty marked with "exogenous shocks, demographic changes [or] the perception of failed policy", new ideas emerge as either roadmaps or focal points that reduce uncertainty and provide alternatives.6 The policy shift during the first Thatcher government can therefore be explained as the result of a shift in policy paradigms; replacing Keynesian ideas with monetarist ideas (Hall, 1993).
Looking at the first Thatcher government, it is evident that the policy shift coincided with an ideational shift from Keynesian to monetarist where Keynesian policies were perceived to have failed in resolving rising inflation (Walsh, 2000). In this respect, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Policy Change Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Policy Change Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/politics/1508697-policy-change
(Policy Change Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Policy Change Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/politics/1508697-policy-change.
“Policy Change Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1508697-policy-change.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Mental Health Promotion: Behaviour Change Approach versus the Policy Change Approach

...?Introduction Mental health promotion has become one of the key areas of public health efforts in the modern times. According to Douglas et al. 273), the focus of public health promotion efforts on mental health is the result of recognising the crucial role that mental health plays in influencing physical health. Mental health also determines the health outcomes for a range of diseases such as cancer, diabetes and coronary heart disease. These considerations justify the selection of mental health promotion as the topic of this critical discussion. The study will describe two approaches- behaviour change and policy change approaches to mental health promotion. A critical analysis of the...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Policy Change Plan

...? Policy Change Plan of Policy making is one of the areas in which politics and nursing interact, sincepoliticians are a core to the development, enactment and implementation of nursing legislation are concerned. To this effect, nurses and their professional and welfare organizations should strategize to work with and incorporate politicians and political organization in their activities. There are several rules and legislations that politicians enact that have direct and indirect impact on nurses and patients, making the corporation among these stakeholders rather important. The Nurses practice Acts and the Nursing Homes Reforms Act of 1987 is among the legislations in the nursing system. These legislations, among others, should... , and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

A Policy Change in Solstice Sleep Products (SSP)

Further, the impact of the new policy on various management functions will be evaluated before concluding with potential benefits of the policy. At SSP, the management levies greater importance to customer service but pays little attention to human resource management. This imbalance can be regarded as the cause for much dissatisfaction among workers and constant conflicts between management and workers. Workers perform their duties as per their supervisors’ instructions, which usually vary on a daily basis. A few of them work overtime on a continuous basis; these workers usually work overtime to earn some extra income as the worker incomes are not up to the mark considering the nature of their job and the pace of business g...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Policy Change

... Changing the Policy on Cancer Research Almost everyone will be touched by the despair and hardship that cancer will bring to a friend, family member, or themselves. To combat this deadly disease, science has embarked on several new and innovative approaches to eliminate the disease and raise the quality of life for its survivors. The nature of the disease with its wide ranging forms and treatments makes it difficult to attack it on a single front. Research funding is allotted based on perceived need, available resources, and politics. Organizations, both public and private, fight for scarce resources with little, if any, coordination. To attack this disease in the coming decades will require a government policy that elevates... of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Policy change memo

...Policy Change Memo Ms. Susan Rodgers, Human Resources (HR) Department Manager  Training Division Officer Date: April 25, 2012 Regarding: Proposed Change in Policy for Training New Customer Service Representatives There have been increasing incidents of complaints received from customers regarding the ability of newly hired customer service representatives to address various inquiries about our products and services. Our records show that this month of April, the number of customer complaints increase by 20% from 25 last month to 30 complaints this month. The increase could be attributed to the number of new customer service representatives that lacked effective...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Policy Change Proposal Section I

...PL 111-148 Section 1099 Policy Change Proposal PL 111-148 SECTION 1099 POLICY CHANGE PROPOSAL The public policy problem is that business are required to give a 1099 to corporations and individuals, which provide more than $600 in merchandise or services to the business annually. The public policy question is whether, under IRS Code’s Section 6041, funeral homes are required to give a 1099 form to all individuals apart from employees that $600 or over in services every year. An average funeral parlor could issue anywhere from 10 to 20 1099’s every year for an outside contractor services. Unless Section 9006 of PL 111-148 is repealed, all...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Policy Change Proposal Section II

...Policy Change Proposal Section II Policy Change Proposal Section II Part Introduction Our nation’s health care providers namely nurses, physicians and doctors have been working hard to deliver quality health care services to millions of people from within and outside the country. However, the level of quality and efficiency of our services has been below the standards in the recent past. The proposed new policy change is aimed at transforming the health care delivery system of the entire nation to ensure that patients get quality services (Leake, 1994). Part 2: Measurable Goals of the Policy Change...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Policy Change Proposal Introductory Paragraph

...Question one Public policy problem Diabetes mellitus is the kind of diabetes affecting majority of people. It has been a concern to the federal government and health stakeholders to try and come up with some health safety practices that prevent the occurrence of diabetes among adults and children. According to Holan, the main people affected by this menace are school going children and some adults. The public policy needs reviewing and children included in the areas initiated in preventing the occurrence of diabetes. The federal government and health stakeholders need to form a national diabetes prevention program mainly targeted at adults and children in helping to fight the spread and occurrence of...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Foreign Policy Change

...FOREIGN POLICY CHANGE The current paper examines the parameters of the foreign policy change in the United States based on the arguments given by Jeffrey Legro. Jeffrey Legro is the author of “Rethinking the World”. In this book, he deeply discusses the issues faced by the United States due to the unpredictable changes in its foreign policy. There are some arguments presented by Legro on the major strategic turning points in the United States. He highlighted collective ideas within states on how the outside world could be related to the United States. Some chapters of this book discuss the world politics thoroughly and the effects of the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Social Work Agency Policy Change

...Social Work Agency Policy Change Introduction Anaheim Union High School, a school found in Anaheim, California, is the subject of the analysis for the social work agency for policy change. The institution is rated the second largest in the Orange county and it occupies Buena Park, Stanton, La Palma and Anaheim Cypress, covering a distance of about 46 kilometres. It also accommodates students speaking of 49 different languages and specifically from 21 universities all round the world. Anaheim High School District is also rated as the third largest employer since it employs more than 3,000 people. It has 21 other branches of campuses which enable the community around to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Policy Change for FREE!

Contact Us