One of the most important agendas of this Government has been the reform of the House of Lords. Both the public and the parties that make up the government have called for changes to the powers and composition of the Second Chamber. This memorandum outlines these changes to the House of Lords and discusses their merits and dismerits.
Download file to see previous pages...
110). That same year the government took its first significant steps in reforming the House with the Constitutional Reform Act. This act mandated the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom to take over the existing role of the Law Lords, in addition to taking on a role in the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. It also removed the powers of the Speaker of the House of Lords and Head of the Judiciary of England and Wales from the office of Lord Chancellor.
This change has been the most contentious of those proposed. The number of elected representatives that should be allowed has been the subject of considerable debate. It was proposed that 120 members be elected by the public, 120 appointed by a statutory independent commission and the rest would be appointed by political parties in proportion to votes received by a party at the most recent general election. Despite the debate surrounding the number of members a larger issue is at stake. In the report put forward by Clarke, Cook, Tyler, Wright and Young (2005) they claim that it is not so much the number of elected members but rather the powers they will receive that is at issue (p. 8). They state, "Whilst there has been a great deal of support for the introduction of elected members, some in the political world have been concerned that this would make the second chamber more powerful, and therefore result in a challenge to the traditional primacy of the House of Commons" (p. 8).
merits and dismerits: There is little doubt that the introduction of elected members to the House of Lords would allow for a greater degree of democratic representation than is seen today, particularly within the regions. Yet, it could cause an unfavorable change in the balance of power between the two houses if elected members do not take the spirit of the Salisbury Doctrine into consideration, something many doubt would happen. Roger and Walters (2004) state the Salisbury convention is perhaps more a code of behaviour for the Conservative Party when in opposition in the Lords than a convention of the House. Indeed it is a moot point whether, following the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, the expulsion of the hereditary members and the ending of the overwhelming numerical advantage of the Conservative Party, the Salisbury convention as originally devised can have any continuing validity (p. 19)1. If the House of Commons and the Executive wish for there to be a check on the House of Lord's powers of bill prevention they must look to making such limitations.
2. The reduction of the number of House members
Currently the House of Lords has over 700 members and is one of the largest parliamentary chambers in the world. Although, since members are appointed for life and often reach an age where they cannot sit in on House meetings as often, attendance is considerably lower than the total number of
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“House of Lords Reform Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/politics/1504783-house-of-lords-reform
(House of Lords Reform Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“House of Lords Reform Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1504783-house-of-lords-reform.
This paper shall focus on the second chamber and look into the changes in its composition and powers brought about by legislation between the years 1911 and 1999. The House of Lords that we know today trace is origins back to the 11th century. Anglo-Saxon Kings regularly consult with Witans or Witenagemots, which is composed of religious leaders, the King’s ministers, feudal landowners and magnates.
Davis. In his Book Harvest Son: Planting Roots in American soil, Masumoto narrates how he learnt to do farm work like pruning vines, driving tractors and such. He visits his native land as a foreigner, and after his visit, he comes back to help his father with work in the farm before finally talking over.He manages to merge to past and the present, despites the pressure of time and change.
This paper therefore analyses how the two Acts have contributed to the reduction of the Powers of the House of Lords. Much emphasis is placed on the provision of each of these Acts and how each of them contributed to this task. With reference to the Act of Parliament 1911, the UK parliament deprived the House of Lords of its absolute power of veto on legislation.
The House of Lords in the UK can be traced back to the 14th century, from where it has developed with various changes to what people now call the second chamber or upper house in the UK constitution (parliament.uk, 2011). For centuries, it had always had an upper hand in the work of the government, by either supporting or refuting the discussions of the common house.
By 13th century, attendance included representatives of counties, cities and boroughs. With time two distinct houses emerged. One, the lower house, was composed of shire and borough representatives which was called the House of Commons: the other, made up of religious leaders (Lords Spiritual) and magnates (Lord Temporal), became known as the upper house, called the House of Lords.
This paper intends to look at the possible factors that might have caused the decision to close down part of the English History.
Historically, the House of Lords has judicial functions as a court of last resort 1in the United Kingdom. Through the years, it has seen several changes especially with the hearing cases of impeachment proceedings.
As a result the House of Lords, which started out almost on par with the House of Commons has seen its powers and privileges gradually being eroded with the last act being the removal of most of the hereditary peers in 1999.
efinitely yes, the author proceeds to attempt to categorize, quantify, and present these changes as a function of whether they have helped the House of Lords to gain or to lose power within the political spectrum of the United Kingdom within the past decade or so.
her responsibilities were to collect fines, fees and forfeitures for purposes of distributing the money to various concerned government agencies (Carroll, 31). During my day to day duties, there are interesting and uninteresting jobs under my jurisdiction. For instance, it is
ained by the constitution at the extent of influence the parliament, the House of Commons, and the government at large (Blom-Cooper, Dickson, B, & Drewry, 2009, p. 41). Further, the implementation of the Supreme Court was a blow to the roles played by the chamber. The following
This research is being carried out to compare and contrast “The Washing” by Reshma Memon Yaqub and “Travels with my Ex” by Susan Straight. These articles have similar ethos, pathos, and logos in discussing the themes of race and identity, but they use different forms, tones, and symbols to denote divergences in their racial identities.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic House of Lords Reform for FREE!