The problem of what to do with so many people when you've got such a small amount of land has been the bane of Palestine for centuries. The Jewish Diaspora lessened the problem temporarily, but a full scale movement of Jews from Europe to the Palestine began to rise in the latter half of the 19th century…
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The rest of the area would have been linked to Transjordan but for smaller part that would have stayed under the control of the British. One of these parts would have been the city of Jerusalem. Another tenet of the recommendation called for removal of the entire Arab population in the Jewish area. This removal would be forcible if it had come to that. Looking ahead to forging a larger area of out this small offering, the Zionist leaders okayed the proposed state, while the Arabs immediately rejected it. Although two other plans for partition were take into consideration, eventually it all came to naught.
Perhaps nothing involved in the Israeli/Palestinian conflict is so controversial and difficult to achieve consensus on as restitution of land to the Palestinians. The question of Palestinian land restitution goes back to the moment it was decided to establish a Jewish state in Israel. That decision was in turn prompted by World War II. This claim to land has been made by the Palestinian Authority in the name of all those who were displaced from their homeland amidst the settlement of the nation of Israel in 1948 and the resulting wars that have marked the area ever since. Following WWI, even more Jews moved to Palestine and the rise of Hitler and his persecution policy upped the ante even more. Hitler alone cannot bear the full brunt of the problem, however. Many point to the restrictive British immigration policy has playing a major role in the development of the current day problem. In addition, one aspect of that policy was also found to be thoroughly unacceptable by the Arabs, that of partitioning. The immigration issue was further highlighted by when the World Zionist Congress demanded that one million Jews be admitted to Palestine after WWII. Obviously, this shook the Arab country to their very core. The formation of the Arab League of Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Jordan was overseen by Great Britain with a benevolent eye. It was the hope of England and other European countries that pan-Arabism could lead to a coordinated policy that would have a settling effect on the region. In February of 1947, the British took the problem of Palestine to the UN, resulting in the UN Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP). The result was exactly what was feared: recommendation of a country partitioned between Jews and Palestinians (Kimberling & Medal 146). The response of Great Britain was to swiftly get out of the region before it jeopardized its position among the Arab nations or got caught up in turmoil that was clearly on the horizon. That turmoil was expressed through acts of terrorism from both Israelis and Palestinians. Finally, Great Britain did withdraw, on the very day that Israel achieved its independence, May 14, 1948.
The newly independent nation of Israel was recognized by the United States sixteen minutes after its foundation, and then quickly afterward by the USSR. Almost immediately, Israel was set upon by Egyptian armies. Meanwhile, Jordan and Iraq forces supported Palestinian Arabs in the territory in their calls for land reclamation. During this Israeli battle to retain its independence, on December 11, 1948, the United Nations addressed the refugee issue in Resolution 194, stating that "refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their
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(“Israel Settlements and the Issue of Palestinian Restitution Essay”, n.d.)
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(Israel Settlements and the Issue of Palestinian Restitution Essay)
“Israel Settlements and the Issue of Palestinian Restitution Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1500388-israel-settlements-and-the-issue-of-palestinian-restitution.
This is a serious situation that has implications on the world both economically and politically; additionally this situation impacts regional and religious contexts. It has been indicated that, “A military attack against Iran risks igniting a period of confrontation across the region with consequences that no one can fully predict.
The present state constitutes all the land from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean ocean, having Lebanon in the north, Egypt in the south, and Jordan in the East (Shlaim, 50-60). There was no conflict between Jews and Arabs for centuries. During 19th century the land of Palestine was dwelt in by the people belonging to different culture and civilization, approximately 86 percent Muslim, 10 percent Christian, and 4 percent Jewish who were living in peace and maintaining friendly relations with each other.
It has been recognized that the restitutionary awards can be either as a result of wrong doing or due to unjust payment. According to Burrows (2011), the law of restitution is based entirely on the principle of reversing a defendant’s unjust enrichment at the expense of the claimant.
U.S. has undermined the peace process to help Israel by providing military assistance for further more conflict with Palestine. They have, however, increased threats for its national security. Therefore, tensions have been increased in the region, re-igniting previous fears and hatred of war.
Edward Said is considered to be the 'tireless spokesman' for the struggle of the Palestinian nation and has represented Palestinian regime in the West. Edward Said stood against the hostile and aggressive policies of the Israeli government, and proactively opposed and vehemently the Israeli policies.
As such, the Palestinian Intifada may be defined as a social-political movement engaged in contentious politics for the purpose of bringing the Israeli occupation to an end. Given that the definitions of both intifada stages coincide, it may very well be assumed that the root causes and objects of both are similar.
This history has greatly changed over the years, but most importantly, it is imperative to note that the historical aspects were fueled by other major objectives. It has always been clear that the main reason for the conflict has been the demographic composition of these two regions. The conflict started before WWI, and it can be traced back.
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