Civil Rights during Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper explores the civil rights actions and outcomes during the administrations of Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Civil Rights during Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Civil Rights during Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson"

Download file to see previous pages Eisenhower was more “cautious” than Truman, who lost the re-election because of his strong advocacy for civil rights (Corse). Eisenhower did not think that legislation and court decisions could alter racial discrimination and prejudice, but he did order desegregation in public schools and the military (Corse). Southern politicians, nevertheless, doubted Eisenhower's cold feet on civil rights and took it as a stand for civil rights (Corse). In 1957, Governor Orville Faubus of Arkansas employed the National Guard to stop the desegregation of Little Rock Central High with the enrollment of nine Black students. Eisenhower placed 1000 paratroopers to protect the Little Rock Nine (Corse). Grassroots activism intensified during Eisenhower's administration, because of the slow improvement in civil rights (Corse). Some of the pivotal events are Rosa Parks' actions and her impact on the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the rising popularity of Martin Luther King, organization of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the lunch counter sit-ins in numerous cities in the 1940s and 1950s (Corse).
Kennedy tried to broaden the voting rights for Black people. Attorney General Robert Kennedy collaborated with SNCC and others to improve the registration of Black southern voters (Corse).Kennedy also selected numerous African Americans for Federal positions and made Thurgood Marshall a Federal judge. Activists felt that Kennedy lacked vigor and dedication to the civil rights movement, however, and the former continued direct actions, such as conducting freedom rides that stopped segregation in interstate commercial travel (Corse). on.
After the bloody attacks of the Birmingham police against non-violent protesters in 1963, Kennedy was forced to call for the drafting of the civil rights legislation (Corse). He died shortly, nevertheless, which transferred his civil rights obligations to Johnson. Johnson was able to secure legislation through Congress that presidents before him were not able to do. He was able to help pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964, through votes from Northern Democrats and Republicans. This act made segregation in public places and transportation as illegal. It also made the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that will fight and deal with job discrimination. It further protected the voting rights of minorities and banned gender discrimination. During this time, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was also passed, which emphasized the right of minorities, especially Blacks to vote, and so this act also greatly increased the number of Black voters in the South. The Immigration Act of 1965 prevented discrimination in immigration, where preference for European immigrants was banned. Hence, civil rights movement was launched more actively during Truman's time and subsided somewhat during Eisenhower's and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Civil Rights during Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Civil Rights During Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson Essay)
“Civil Rights During Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Civil Rights during Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson

President Kennedy and Civil Rights

...President Kennedy and Civil Rights President John F. Kennedy, usually known by his initials JFK, was the thirty fifth President of America who only served in office for three years, i.e. from 1961 to 1963. He was the only Catholic President of United States who is known for his gallantry, bravery, and his obligation towards civil rights and also his efforts during the cold war to restrict the use of nuclear weapons in America and all around the world. He believed that matters between nations could be solved through negotiations and that wars lead to deaths and destruction. Author Shelly Sommer presents John F....
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Civil Rights use violence against non-violent protestors” (Colaiaco, 1988, p. 39). Growing acts of civil disobedience taken by several groups throughout the South including the SCLC, a burgeoning political entity, was being noticed by the nation and politicians as well. These acts convinced the Kennedy administration that civil rights legislation was not only needed but could now be a reality. Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon Johnson, a former influential Senator from a southern state, used his clout and persuasive techniques to secure passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This groundbreaking law, among other...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay


...?CIVIL RIGHTS Though I was born and brought up in the USA, the origin of my ancestors is Peoples Republic of China. Hence, I belong to Far Eastern oryellow racial group. I got my primary and high school education in New York, where I had to experience discriminative behavior from the teachers and students belonging to White Anglo Saxon population (WASP) and the Arab racist students of the Middle East as well. However, I was not the only one to be the target of their hatred; on the contrary, the African Americans and South Asians are also looked upon with unabated abhorrence, suspicion and displeasure by an overwhelming majority of the WASP and narrow-minded extremist Arabians. Since white population has...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Civil Rights

...?Topic: Civil Rights Martin Luther King was inspired by Gandhi's theory of non-violence in building the basis for the American civil rights movement,introducing Satyagraha as a political method for rights in America in a manner similar to the way Gandhi used it in the anti-racism struggle in South Africa and the anti-imperial movement in India. In the speech given on August 28, 1963 known as “I Have a Dream,” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. inspired the minds of millions to believe in the moral progress of society and the process of social justice primarily as means through which African-Americans could enter into full equality in the country. (King, 1963)...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Civil rights

...?Civil Rights in USA and California –Overview and Perspectives Introduction: Two related but different words can describe Civil rights. These civil rights can be exercised under civil laws and provides us security and various things like capability to contract. Civil rights are among the category of rights which are made to protect an individual and to provide him freedom so that he can live his life in his own style. These rights also protect the person form unjustifiable violation done by the private and government organization. You get an ensurity to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper


...?Question During the war, the Mediterranean Theater was one of the important strategic points of the war. The Supreme Allied Commander of the Mediterranean Theater, General Eisenhower, was faced with many strategic decisions that ended up deciding the outcome of the war. Some of the decisions made by Eisenhower have been argued by scholars and individuals worldwide on whether they were strategically realistic for the current stage in the combat or whether they were made out of personal whims. In this part of the essay, emphasis will be placed on Eisenhower’s decisions during the war and an analysis of two of the decisions that he made will be done using Gerra’s critical thinking model. Gerras’ critical thinking model can be used... ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

John F Kennedy Civil Rights Address

.... It is quite observable that all throughout the speech Kennedy makes conscious efforts to depict discrimination and segregation as a moral issue rather than a social or legal one. The actual significance of Kennedy’s speech is that it was his conception of the comprehensive civil rights bill that later President Lyndon B. Johnson converted into law in 1964 which ultimately put an end to the racial segregation in the South (Meagher & Gragg 161). Thus, it can be concluded that Kennedy'sCivil Rights Address” blends a variety of rhetorical elements and it is this address which paved the way for equal...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Compare kennedy and johnson

... John F. Kennedy vs. Lyndon B. Johnson John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson are two of the most powerful and influential figures in the history of the United States. They left a mark in the history of the country while serving as the Presidents of the U.S. The distressing assassination of President Kennedy followed by the period of political novelty led by President Johnson made 1960s the most eventful decade of the twentieth century. Lyndon Johnson further expanded the functions of federal government in terms of its duty for the welfare of the American citizens and called it the Great Society. However, the idealism that sprouted up amongst the enthusiastic American youth during 1960s eventually turned into a large rebellion. Thus... , the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Dichomtomy During Eisenhower History p5db

..., wary of U.S. allies, were suspicious of U.S. motives. Most importantly, Eisenhower believed that the United States had a moral obligation to protect these nations just as the U.S. government had a moral obligation to protect the individual liberties of its own citizens. The function of government was the same in both instances: to do for others what they could not do for themselves under the obligation of individual initiative. But how were these related to foreign policy outcomes Three examples should suffice to illustrate this relationship (Ambrose, 1999). During 1950s, America overcame terror of the World War II and renewed its economy. It was the period of baby-boom and human rights movements. Eisenhower's perception... Running Head:...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Civil Rights & Civil Liberties

...civil rights and liberty Civil RightsCivil rights in America are enshrined in the Civil Act of 1964. The Act was enacted during the presidency of John Kennedy, who rose to power in the year 1960. A large number of contemporary have a bill of rights or a constitutional document that seeks and enumerate to guarantee civil rights. In the united state of America, several constitutional amendments have been effected to ensure that every person enjoys civil rights to unlimited levels. In addition, additional...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Civil Rights during Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson for FREE!

Contact Us