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The whole project is generally a hydroelectric engineering power generator constructed along Yangtze River; the longest river in China which runs across half of the land, horizontally into the Pacific. The project is the world’s biggest power station as far as installed capacity (22,500MW) is concerned. In addition, Three Gorges Dam is the 2nd biggest functional hydroelectric project in regard to annual energy production, generating in 2012 over 98.1Twh plus 83.7 Twh last year (Trouw, 2014).
The idea of building a huge dam on River Yangtze was initially the brainchild of Sun Yat-Sen in 1919.He envisioned a dam with a capacity of producing 22 GW of power being feasible downstream Three Gorges. The government, in 1932, under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek started preliminary plans on the Three Gorges. Japanese military occupied Yichang in 1939 and began surveying the area. The Otani plan design for the dam was finished in expectation of a possible defeat of China by Japanese. Engineer John Savage of US bureau of reclamation in 1944 designed a proposal of the dam project paving way for 54 Chinese engineers to leave for US to receive specialized training. The initial concept was for the dam to be utilized for unique movement of ships; however the project was stopped in 1947 due to Chinese Civil war. The project was in 1949 supported by Mao Zedong, though he started Gezhouba Dam. The idea would re-emerge in 1980s and finally the approval came from the National People’s Congress in 1992.Construction of the dam started in earnest in 14th of December 1994 and was expected to be complete and fully operational by 2009.However, additional projects like the underground power facility with 6 extra generators delayed complete operations till the May of 2012(Trouw, 2014).
The project has come with its own share of controversy. In 1958, for instance, engineers who spoke negatively
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The paper tells that the implementation of the Three Gorges Dam in China is one which shows several successes and failures. The main objective was to control the flooding of the river while building the largest hydroelectric power dam that could be used in China. The implementation of the overall project was successful with specific needs.
Chinese authorities describe this dam as a multipurpose dam since it can prevent floods, increase shipping capacity, etc apart from producing huge volumes of electric power. It was partly commissioned in 2008 and is expected to be fully operational in 2012, its capacity may become 22500 MW.
Three Gorges Dam in China Name of author Course name Professor 15 May 2011 The recently commissioned Three Gorges Dam in China has caught the attention of the public not only in China, but all over the world because of the controversies surrounding the construction of this dam.
There are also various preventive measures that can be taken both within and outside hydropower plants, which make it a safer energy source. However, there are many ways in which hydropower is also harmful to the environment. It causes a reduction in the biomass of fish fauna and benthic invertebrates and some reservoirs cause emissions of greenhouse gases which cause global warming.
In the recent decades, Dams have been the subject for debate, bringing a lot of controversies amongst environmentalist. The argument has centered on the local environment cost of the dams to the river ecosystems. Phelan in his article on Hydropower Doesn't Count as Clean Energy indicates clearly that, Hydropower has more negative consequences on environment (30).
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So it can also be summarized as an act of maintaining a perfect balance of nature. Civil Engineering is a science that deals with the design and construction of physical and natural structures. Therefore, civil engineering, in itself, is a blend of social, economic and environmental objectives.
China’s economy is technological advancement heavily favored by the low cost of production because of the available and reliable labor of more than a billion people (CNBS 67). For any country’s economy to grow in such a high rate as China’s, then energy supply has to be
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In this paper, I seek to understand why we see NIMBYism in some locations and not others. This happens because of differences the nature and history of the two projects, government structures, political influence, as well as different influence
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