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A Theory of Justice by John Rawls - Assignment Example

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The author of this assignment "A Theory of Justice by John Rawls" casts light on two principles of justice. According to the text, Rawls’ first principle of justice is predicated upon liberty. He explains that each individual has an equal right to a comprehensive system of basic liberties…
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A Theory of Justice by John Rawls
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Download file to see previous pages Within his framework of liberty, Rawls includes political liberty, freedom of speech and assembly, liberty of conscience, freedom of thought, freedom from psychological oppression and bodily harm, the liberty of land ownership, and the freedom from unlawful arrest.
Rawls’ second principle of justice is predicated upon the distribution of social and economic advantages.4 He argues that both social and economic disparities should be arranged so that they are of the greatest benefit to the least advantaged and there should be an established infrastructure of offices and positions that are under conditions of equal opportunity.5 He explains that inequalities in the distribution of goods are justifiable under the following two conditions: first, if they function to aid the least advantaged citizens and second, if positions within the infrastructure of distribution are open to all individuals.6 Rawls defines these two conditions as the difference principle and the equal opportunity principle respectively. The difference principle illustrates Rawls’ egalitarian perspective of justice. He posits that both social and economic disparities of distribution are morally justified only if they primarily aid the poorest members of a society. Rawls explains that the inequality of goods results in a significant number of individuals within a society becoming worse off than they would have been had all goods been equally distributed. He believes that any inequality that does not function to benefit the poorest members of a society is unjustified. He argues that the government must intercede in order to eliminate this inequality. In his equal opportunity principle, Rawls posits that social and economic disparities are morally justified only if they are attached to an infrastructure of offices and employment opportunities that are available to all individuals under conditions of equal opportunity. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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