StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete - Coursework Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
"The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete" paper focuses on the concept of Areté that becomes difficult to define because the literal meaning of the word connects with the idea of virtue. As a virtue, Areté can mean excellence, good behavior, or even bravery on the battlefield…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete"

Download file to see previous pages Before we can understand how Areté can be learned, it is important to understand how this concept has been used by Socrates and Plato which can help us in understanding what areté really is. The meaning of areté can be made clear by showing its connection with virtue as described by Yu (1998) who says that, “The word "virtue" is a transliteration of the Latin virtus (from vir, literally "manhood"), which was in turn employed by Latin authors to translate the Greek areté, originally referring to excellence of manly qualities (Yu, 1998, Pg. 323)”.

Since the philosophers of the time were often concerned with the functions of things, a large part of Plato’s work is dedicated to the function and purposes of things and how something which performs its function well displays the qualities of areté. For example, even emotions such as love and hate can have an aspect of areté as described by Plato. When it comes to love, honorable and heavenly love works with its highest functions i.e. areté by, “Giving birth in beauty both in body and mind (Plato, The Symposium, pg. 43)”. In a similar manner, when it comes to objects, areté would be how well they perform their required function.

This idea of function can be applied to anything at all and the excellence of function becomes the notion of areté. A book can be excellent in terms of the knowledge it contains within, a knife can be excellent if it cuts through all that it is meant to cut and a horse can be excellent with regard to its speed and stamina. Of course, it is possible for things to have only one measure of excellence since a knife can only be used to cut and may not be used to ride. On the other hand, things may have more than one measure of areté since a horse can be measured on the scale of strength as well as top speed or stamina.

However, the concept of areté can be further developed with application to higher-order things such as the concepts of love, friendship, and duty. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete Coursework, n.d.)
The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete Coursework. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1709526-philosophy-explain-and-evaluate-the-socraticplatonic-conception-of-arete
(The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete Coursework)
The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete Coursework. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1709526-philosophy-explain-and-evaluate-the-socraticplatonic-conception-of-arete.
“The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete Coursework”. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1709526-philosophy-explain-and-evaluate-the-socraticplatonic-conception-of-arete.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete

Protagoras and Democracy: Arete

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... Protagoras and Democracy: Arete Introduction Socrates refuted that virtues like excellence could be taught to people, butProtagoras suggested that is possible to teach excellence. Excellence like any other virtue can be taught to individuals as supported by Protagoras. Excellence is taught by parents, instructors, and friends, just like any other virtue. It is impossible for people to be excellent unless they are taught how to achieve this excellence. For instance, talented sports men need assistance and guidance from coaches for them to achieve excellence. Even with strong refutations from philosophers like Socrates, it is rational to say that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Aristotelian Universals and Platonic Universals

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... and Evaluate Aristotelian Universals and Platonic Universals A universal, according to metaphysics, is the common aspects among particular things in the world. With our common rationality, we term these aspects as features, characteristics or qualities. Philosophically, if we attempt to define a universal or universals, they can said to be recurrent or repeatable entities, which can be exemplified by different types of particular aspects. Let us imagine that there are two brown tables in a room. Both the tables have the quality of 'brownness' and according to the Metaphysical philosophers, both these tables share a universal, that is the quality of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Platonic and Knowledge-Definition Claims

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... FULL Platonic and Knowledge-Definition Claims The Greek philosopher Plato writes extensively of the dialectic methods used by Socrates. The foundation upon which the Socratic philosophy rests is made up of two principles. First, the Platonic claim where for any concept (C) (like a table), there is some intrinsic feature or combination of features (F's) that all tables have, and which all non-tables lack. Second is the knowledge-definition claim where, for any concept (C), if a person knows what a table is, then they know a Socratic definition (D) of that concept. I agree with the Platonic claim because concepts generally have characteristics...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Socrates of Platonic Dialogue

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... of Platonic Dialogue & Socrates of the CLOUDS INTRODUCTION: Socrates [470-399 BC] is one of the greatest philosophers of the human history who inspired and influenced the Western philosophy by his unwavering commitment to truth, and through the vivid example of his own life. He did not give formal instruction after the fashion of philosophers of his time, but went about engaging people in conversation, seeking, chiefly, by questions, to induce his contemporaries, and especially the young men, to think clearly and to act reasonably. Socrates devoted himself to free-wheeling discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, insistently...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Socratic Philosophy

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... philosophy- worth the guilt or not Introduction: The history holds for us a few remarkable incidents which have driven us to believe in the importance of faith and to stick by the reverent traditions of our religions. One of the many significant turns that took place back in the antiquity is that of the 'Socratic trial' which has been an ideal source of inspiration for many historians and philosophers. The memorable Socrates was a famous Classical Greek philosopher who is acknowledged more eminently as the founder of Western philosophy. Socrates and the speech that he delivered at the time of his trial are alive today in its true essence in the form...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Plato, three Socratic Dialogues

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... four dialogues Euthyphro is one of the major philosophical works of Plato where he expounds on the philosophy of Socrates, another great philosopher. Euthyphro is in the form of dialogues between two people who try to establish the concept and aim of piety and religion. The two people Euthyphro and Socrates meet each other at King Archon’s court. Euthyphro goes to court to implicate his father in a murder case whereas Socrates is there because he is accused of corrupting the young generation by his impiety. The interrogative dialogues raise three pertinent views regarding piety and impiety. Euthyphro is aghast that a wise man like Socrates is being t...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Plato and the Platonic dialogues

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... and the Platonic dialogues Introduction Plato and his writings through the Platonic dialogues constitute some of the foundational elements of the Western philosophic tradition. Over the course of Plato’s career his works span an enormous array of subjects. In one of the early dialogues, Euthyphro, Plato demonstrates the importance of living the examined life in his discussion with Euthyphro. Similarly, Plato’s Apology considers Socrates trial in front of the Greek lawmakers. The Apology then represents the entirety of Socrates’ argument to the court to prove his innocence and demonstrate the absurdity of Meletus claims against him. In this effort Soc...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Socratic Method

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... Method I agree with Socrates’ conclusion that all evil exists as a result of ignorance and that no one knowinglyengages in evil. It is my belief that humans have been given the power to discern what is wrong from right and morality governs human behavior in almost every aspect. This implies that people will always know the right things to do but just because they ignore the truth, and they will engage in evil means so as to achieve their ends. There are many cases of people doing wrong things knowingly and there are others who are certain that their acts will definitely harm others, but they still choose to engage in the wrong acts. Socrates’ argument holds true because individuals often choose...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

How Philosophy Became Socratic

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... is the most respected pre-Socratic philosopher by the Stoics because of numerous reasons. For example, he insisted that to attain sufficient happiness one had to possess virtue. He also condemned moral corruption of beings. Stoics’ principle of existed is found in the behavior of humanity through the connection between freedom and determinism. Heraclitus’ three principles of philosophy include the theory of knowledge, doctrine of flux, and unity of opposites. In theory of knowledge, Heraclitus believes everyone should seek for knowledge because everything changes (Lampert 109). Doctrine of flux, however, asserts that opposite things are similar whil...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Socratic discussion exercise

...The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete... Culture Corporate Culture Behavior of humans within an organization is the corporate culture of that organization. There are many elements of corporate culture, but the most-important ones are Vision, Values, Practice, People, Narrative and Place. Vision of the organization is a necessary element, and the employers should be aware of the vision and mission of the organization to be more effective in their work. Values of the company are guidelines to achieve the vision of the organization. Company’s practices should enshrine the values of the organization so that the values have its importance. People are an important part of the culture as an organization depends upon its people ability and...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic The Socratic and Platonic Conception of Arete for FREE!

Contact Us